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Timeline: October

October 1914

  • Dr Hjelmar von Dannevill is accused of being a German spy (Wellington). Link: The Spin Off

October 1931

  • Peter Rule is born (Gisborne). After his death, the Rule Foundation was established to advance the health, well-being and visibility of rainbow New Zealanders. Link: Rule Foundation

October 1955

  • The Daughters of Bilitis is formed (San Francisco, United States of America). The Daughters of Bilitis is the first known lesbian rights organisation in the USA. Link: Wikipedia

October 1977

  • A National Gay Rights Coalition conference is held (New Zealand)

October 1980

  • The National Gay Rights Coalition of New Zealand is published (New Zealand). The publication is a mail-out to members of minutes of a meeting of the Coalition's executive, held in Wellington on 27 and 28 September. Link: WorldCat

October 1984

  • The media report that a non-hospitalised person with AIDS is living in Wellington (Wellington). Link: LAGANZ

October 1988

  • A national hui for Maori lesbians is held (New Zealand)
  • New Zealand Prostitutes Collective opens its first community base (Wellington). Located at 282 Cuba Street Wellington, the venue also became the location for the first needle exchange in Wellington and the National People Living with AIDs Union (1989-ca.1994). The Collective was based at 282 until 1994 when the building was sold
  • Television commercial: Department of Health - pamphlet going out to every household about AIDS (New Zealand). Ref C5587. Link: Nga Taonga Sound and Vision
  • Television commercial: Department of Health safe sex advert (New Zealand). No One Ever Died of Embarrassment, ref C3118. Link: Nga Taonga Sound and Vision
  • Television commercial: Department of Health safe sex advert (New Zealand). AIDS - pool room, ref C3119. Link: Nga Taonga Sound and Vision
  • Television commercial: Department of Health safe sex advert (New Zealand). Glen has AIDS. The advert notes that there are currently 81 cases of AIDS in New Zealand, ref C3120. Link: Nga Taonga Sound and Vision

October 1992

  • The Lesbian, Gay and Christian National Conference is held (New Zealand). The theme of the conference is sexism and heterosexism. Link: LAGANZ

October 1995

  • Gays and Lesbians in University Employment at Victoria University of Wellington (GLUE-VUW) is established (Wellington). The group is set up by Victoria University staff. Link: NZ.com
  • The Queer News Aotearoa (QNA) website begins (New Zealand). Link: QNA

October 1996

  • The building that housed Club 47 is demolished (New Plymouth). The building also used be the home of the Shelias Arms in 1992. Link: Fiona Clark

October 2006

  • The Human Rights Commission launches an inquiry into discrimination experienced by transgender people (New Zealand). The inquiry is a world first by a national human rights institution. It results in the publication of To Be Who I Am/Kia noho au ki toku ano ao in January 2008. Link: Human Rights Commission

1 October 1925

  • Peter Stratford (a.k.a. Deresley Morton) marries Elizabeth Rowland (United States of America). Link: Papers Past

1 October 1929

  • Leonard Hollobon is arrested and charged with indecently assaulting a male (Wellington). Norris Davey (a.k.a Frank Sargeson) is the other party. Both are charged, with Davey later testifying against Hollobon. Links: Papers Past, Te Ara

1 October 1980

  • Television news report: a Wellington lesbian group is not able to advertise on Wellington buses (Wellington). The Town Clerk said it may encourage vandalism, ref: TZP5006. Link: Nga Taonga Sound and Vision

1 October 1985

1 October 2013

  • Nathan Verhelst, a Belgium transsexual, dies through euthanasia Verhelst told media "None of these [gender reassignment] operations worked as desired ... I do not want to be a monster.". Link: Stuff
  • Solicitor General Mike Heron declines a request for a second Coronial Inquiry into the death of Corporal Douglas Hughes. (New Zealand). Hughes committed suicide in Afghanistan shortly after being questioned about a situation with a subordinate soldier. Link: Gay NZ

2 October 1925

  • Kenneth James Dell is arrested on Queen Street and charged with behaving in a disorderly manner (Auckland). Dell is seen walking on Queen Street wearing woman's shoes, a hat, veil and neck scarf. Link: Papers Past

2 October 1983

  • Television: The second of three plays by Bruce Mason (New Zealand). ref: TZD1026. Edith and Daphne's calm lives are disrupted when Edith has an affair with a younger man. . Link: Nga Taonga Sound and Vision

2 October 1985

  • Actor Rock Hudson dies from AIDS-related complications (Los Angeles, United States of America). Link: Wikipedia
  • Television news report: the Select Committee votes to end public hearings on homosexual law reform (New Zealand). 6.30 news Top Half, ref F57735. Links: Nga Taonga Sound & Vision, University of Auckland
  • The Select Committee investigating the Homosexual Law Reform Bill votes to end public hearings (New Zealand). The Committee ends public hearings despite 85 people still waiting to be heard

3 October 1925

  • Kenneth James Dell is hospitalised on the morning of his court appearance (Auckland). Link: Papers Past

3 October 1974

  • Television news report: moral educational studies at Naenae College in Lower Hutt (Wellington region). ref: TZP131964. Link: Nga Taonga Sound and Vision

3 October 1977

3 October 1980

  • Television: Vice Squad seize copies of a "Salient" newspaper containing a comic about homosexuality (Wellington). ref: TZP4997. Victoria University student newspaper "Salient" had all its remaining copies seized by Wellington's Vice Squad, because it contained a comic strip about homosexuality. . Link: Nga Taonga Sound and Vision

3 October 1985

3 October 1988

  • Television news report: Department of Health targets heterosexuals with HIV/AIDS advertising (New Zealand). The report notes there could be 5,000 people with HIV in New Zealand. Interviewees include Dr Karen Potasi, Kate Leslie, Daniel Fielding, Dr Kitty Corxan and Dr Steven Gardiner. Eyewitness news, ref F94906. Link: Nga Taonga Sound and Vision

3 October 2011

  • A couple's car is targetted in an ongoing series of hate crimes at Mangawhai Heads

3 October 2015

4 October 1975

4 October 1980

  • The first Lesbian Librarians' Week is held (New Zealand). Events take place in Wellington and Christchurch

4 October 1985

4 October 1991

  • HIV Alive '91 is held (Auckland). The two week event includes specialist workshops, seminars, celebrations and fundraisers. It also includes the first public unveiling of the New Zealand AIDS Memorial Quilt

5 October 1955

5 October 1963

  • Writer James Courage dies (London, United Kingdom). Link: Te Ara

5 October 1991

  • The first unveiling of the New Zealand AIDS Memorial Quilt is held (Auckland). The first unveiling is held as part of the HIV Alive '99 event. 88 Australian and New Zealand quilt panels are displayed at the Auckland City Art Gallery. In the three months leading up to the event the number of New Zealand quilt panels had grown from 8 to 32. Soon after the gallery showing, the quilt panels were displayed at the Aotea Centre. Link: New Zealand AIDS Memorial Quilt

5 October 2003

  • The Pope states to the Anglican Church his opposition to homosexuality. (worldwide)

5 October 2005

  • Justin Dalley is found not guilty of criminal nuisance (Wellington). Dalley used a condom during sex with a woman but didn't tell her of his HIV-positive status. It is the first time in New Zealand that anyone is charged with criminal nuisance following protected sexual intercourse. The case set a significant legal precedent: that HIV-positive people can choose not to tell sexual partners about their HIV status, as long as they wear a condom. Link: NZ Herald
  • Television news reports: Justin Dalley is found not guilty of criminal nuisance (Wellington). One news, ref F89515 and TV3 news, ref F89517. Link: Nga Taonga Sound and Vision (1)

6 October 1874

6 October 1893

  • The Criminal Code Act 1893 is enacted (New Zealand). The Act outlaws any sexual activity between men (even if it's consensual). Penalties include life imprisonment, hard labour and flogging (refer Crimes Against Morality, 136-139). Link: Early New Zealand Statutes

6 October 1920

  • Eugenia Falleni is found guilty of murdering Annie Birkett (Sydney, Australia). Falleni is condemned to death but the sentence is commuted to detainment at the Governor's Pleasure. Links: Wikipedia, Papers Past

6 October 1980

  • Television news report: the first Lesbian Liberation week begins (New Zealand). The week features events and a march through the city on 10 October 1980, ref: TZP4990. Link: Nga Taonga Sound and Vision

7 October 1944

  • Composer Jack Body is born (Waikato region). Link: Wikipedia

7 October 1952

  • Politician and academic Marilyn Waring is born (New Zealand). Link: Wikipedia

7 October 1983

  • Television: Air New Zealand in dispute with gay community (New Zealand). ref: TZP115859. The chairman of Air New Zealand is disputing with the gay community over AirNZ's promotion for gay travel market in North America. . Link: Nga Taonga Sound and Vision

7 October 1984

  • Television: Customs Department want someone else to judge the decency of videotapes (New Zealand). ref: TZP12546. Link: Nga Taonga Sound and Vision

7 October 2006

  • Carmen Rupe's 70th birthday party is held at the Boatshed, Wellington (Wellington)

8 October 1968

  • A petition signed by 75 prominent New Zealanders calling for homosexual law reform is presented to parliament (New Zealand). The petition is presented to parliament by Labour MP A.H. Nordmeyer on behalf of the New Zealand Homosexual Law Reform Society

8 October 1985

8 October 2011

  • Carmen Rupe celebrates her 75th birthday at The Taxi Club (Sydney, Australia)

9 October 1937

  • Prime Minister M.J. Savage unveils a statue dedicated to "Harry" Henry Holland (Wellington). The nude male figure in Bolton Street Cemetery has been described in a variety of ways, from representing "emancipated youth looking upwards to higher things" to "an extremely buff, naked dude gazing out over his beloved Wellington." A local rainbow walking tour in the 1990s described the work as "the most homoerotic piece of outdoor art in Wellington, and second in Aotearoa only to the Eros outside Auckland Hospital.". Link: Bolton Street Cemetery

9 October 1955

  • Singer Shona Laing is born (New Zealand). Laing first came to prominence in 1972 as a 17-year-old schoolgirl, coming runner-up in the television talent show New Faces with her song 1905. Laing's biggest hit songs included (Glad I'm) Not a Kennedy and Soviet Snow. Link: Wikipedia

9 October 1983

  • Television: The third of three Bruce Mason plays (New Zealand). ref: TZD1025. Charlie Jameson, surrounded by a family who he has little in common with, faces his death. . Link: Nga Taonga Sound and Vision

9 October 1985

  • The second reading of the Homosexual Law Reform Bill begins in Parliament (New Zealand). The second reading will take four weeks. Links: PrideNZ.com, LAGANZ

9 October 1992

  • The first unveiling of the International AIDS Memorial Quilt takes place (Washington D.C., United States of America). The quilt was unveiled in Washington D.C., USA. New Zealand is one of 20 countries invited to attend. Link: New Zealand AIDS Memorial Quilt

10 October 1867

  • The Offences Against the Person Act (1867) is enacted (New Zealand). The Act says that a person convicted of sodomy can be imprisoned for life and anyone convicted of attempted buggery or an indecent assault on a male can serve up to ten years imprisonment (refer Unnatural Offences, 58-60). Links: Early NZ Statutes, Hansard

10 October 1925

  • NZ Truth reports on the court case involving Kenneth James Dell (Auckland). Dell had been arrested in women's clothing on Queen Street. Dell was hospitalised on the morning of the court appearance. Link: Papers Past

10 October 1936

  • Entrepreneur and activist Carmen Trevor Rupe is born (Taumarunui). Link: Time Out Sydney

10 October 1972

  • Television news report: interview with composer Jack Body about Sexus (New Zealand). Review, ref TZP138596. Link: TVNZ

10 October 1980

  • 200 women take part in a lesbian march (Wellington). It is followed by a Lesbian Liberation Dance attended by 300 people

10 October 1993

10 October 2006

  • Carmen Rupe visits Parliament on her 70th birthday (Wellington). 32 years earlier Carmen had been brought before Parliament's Privileges committee because she had suggested there were gay and bisexual MPs

10 October 2018

  • Wellington's rainbow crossing is launched (Wellington). The crossing on lower Cuba Street is New Zealand's second rainbow crossing (the first being in Queenstown). Link: Stuff.co.nz

11 October 1984

11 October 1995

  • A coming out party is held to celebrate National Coming Out Day (Wellington). The party is held at the National Library of New Zealand and organised by the National Library Lesbian and Gay Network, and the Friends of the Lesbian and Gay Archives of New Zealand (LAGANZ). The party starts at 5.30pm. Links: NZ.com, Wikipedia

11 October 2013

  • The Beyond conference takes place (Wellington). The conference is organised by the Queer Avengers (Wellington) and aims to address the lived experiences of queer/trans people in relation to identity, race, disability, the media, healthcare, parenting, education and imprisonment (among others). Link: PrideNZ.com

12 October 1923

  • Hector Froggatt is sentenced to 8 years imprisonment for indecent assault on boys (Christchurch). A medical man giving evidence at the trial said Froggatt suffered from "homo-sexual abnormality". Link: Papers Past

12 October 1987

  • Television news report: a rally in Washington DC calls for more funding for HIV/AIDS treatments (New Zealand). Eyewitness news, ref F90428. Link: Nga Taonga Sound & Vision

12 October 1988

  • The New Zealand Navy announces its gay-friendly policy (New Zealand)

12 October 1989

12 October 1996

  • MP Chris Carter (Te Atatu, Labour Party) is defeated in the first MMP General Election (Auckland region). Carter was New Zealalnd's first openly gay Member of Parliament. He returned to Parliament in 1999. Link: Wikipedia
  • Tim Barnett (Christchurch Central, Labour Party) is elected in the first MMP General Election (Christchurch). Barnett, who is openly gay, would subsequently introduce the Prostitution Reform Bill (2003) and was heavily involved in the passing of the Civil Union Bill (2004). Links: Wikipedia, Parliament

12 October 1998

  • Matthew Shepard is killed in Wyoming (United States of America). Link: Wikipedia

12 October 2017

  • The immigration and protection tribunal grants residency to a trans woman on exceptional humanitarian grounds (Auckland). The tribunal decides she is safer to remain in New Zealand rather than having to return to the United Kingdom where she has suffered years of persecution. Link: Guardian

14 October 1888

  • Writer Katherine Mansfield (nee Beauchamp) is born (Wellington). Links: Te Ara, PrideNZ

14 October 1971

  • Television current affairs: Patricia Bartlett campaigns to stop booksellers displaying restricted books (New Zealand). Gallery, ref TZP49833. Link: TVNZ

14 October 1983

  • Television: Marilyn Waring introduces bill to repeal the Contraception, Sterilisation and Abortion Act (New Zealand). ref: TZP107484. Link: Nga Taonga Sound and Vision

14 October 1984

14 October 1989

  • Artist Rodney Kennedy dies

14 October 2012

  • Media report that MP Kevin Hague has drafted a bill to enable gay adoption (New Zealand). Link: Stuff

15 October 1976

15 October 2005

  • Daniel Fielding dies (Wellington). Fielding helped establish the New Zealand AIDS Memorial Quilt project in December 1988. Links: GayNZ.com, Tributes Online

16 October 1854

  • Writer Oscar Wilde is born (United Kingdom). Link: Wikipedia

16 October 1983

  • Television: interview with Garfield Johnson and Valerie Riches about sex education (New Zealand). ref: TZP40312. Link: Nga Taonga Sound and Vision

16 October 1985

  • The second reading of the Homosexual Law Reform Bill continues in Parliament (New Zealand). Link: PrideNZ.com

16 October 1987

  • Television news report: Dr Charles Farthing believes an AIDS cure won't be found this century (New Zealand). Eyewitness news, ref F90441. Link: Nga Taonga Sound and Vision

16 October 2002

  • Uzi Even becomes the first openly homosexual man in Israel's parliament. Links: Wikipedia, Gay NZ

16 October 2018

  • Media report that the government has lifted the cap on gender affirming surgeries (New Zealand). Up until this point, the State had only funded 3 male-to-female surgeries and 1 female-to-male every two years. From June 2018 the old cap became the new minimum number of surgeries every two years. Links: Newsroom, Guardian

17 October 1982

  • Television: interview with Professor Percy Tannenbaum and Patricia Bartlett about television censorship (New Zealand). ref: TZP40291. Link: Nga Taonga Sound and Vision

17 October 1983

17 October 2002

  • The Jimmy hosts a farewell event for people going to the Gay Games in Sydney. (Wellington). Link: Gay NZ

17 October 2013

  • Geno Sisneros' complaint against the Anglican Church is dismissed by the Human Rights Tribunal. (Auckland). Sisneros complained that the Bishop of Auckland had prevented him from becoming a priest because of his sexuality. Link: Gay NZ

18 October 1983

  • Television news report: report on sex education, part II (New Zealand). ref: TZP110509. Link: Nga Taonga Sound and Vision
  • Television: Minister of Education on sex education (New Zealand). ref: TZP127869. Minister of Education Merv Wellington replies to letter from Auckland Anglican church who advocated for sex education in schools. Link: Nga Taonga Sound and Vision

18 October 2004

19 October 1980

  • Television news report: interview with Marilyn Waring about Robert Muldoon (New Zealand). ref: TZP938. Link: Nga Taonga Sound and Vision

19 October 2009

  • The Crimes (Provocation Repeal) Amendment Bill is considered by a Select Committee (New Zealand). Link: Parliament

19 October 2011

  • Willie Ahsee is found guilty of the manslaughter of Denis Phillips

19 October 2013

  • The Government announces it will send a diplomat to watch over New Zealanders attending the upcoming Winter Olympics in Sochi, Russia. (New Zealand). Various Members of Parliament had requested the government help protect rainbow people at the games from discrimination and harassment. Link: Gay NZ

20 October 1973

  • Television news report: interview with visiting morals campaigner Mary Whitehouse (New Zealand). Whitehouse was invited to tour by the Society for the Promotion of Community Standards. NZBC News, ref: TZP86099. Link: Nga Taonga Sound and Vision

20 October 2011

  • Around 200 people march on parliament campaigning for gay marriage and adoption. (Wellington). The march was part of the LegaliseLove campaign. Link: GayNZ

21 October 1985

  • Television news report: testing of all blood products for AIDS antibodies begins (New Zealand). 6.30 news Top Half, ref F88556. Links: Nga Taonga Sound & Vision, University of Auckland
  • Testing of all donated blood for AIDS antibodies begins (New Zealand)

21 October 1988

  • Media reports that the Ettie Rout Clinic opens in Christchurch (Christchurch). The clinic is the third AIDS clinic to open and is run by the New Zealand AIDS FOundation. The Clinic carries Rout's name until 2003. Link: Nga Taonga
  • Television news report: Department of Health launches an explicit HIV/AIDS campaign (New Zealand). Includes an interview with Karen Poutasi. Eyewitness news, ref F95076. Link: Nga Taonga Sound and Vision

21 October 1995

  • Georgina Beyer is elected Mayor of Carterton (Carterton). Beyer becomes the world's first openly transexual mayor. Link: Wikipedia
  • The Riding the Rainbow conference takes place (Wellington). The Pink Health conference focuses on lesbian and gay health and is held at the Wellington College of Education. Speakers include Raz Bloomfield and Neville Creighton. Link: NZ.com

21 October 2004

  • MP Georgina Beyer introduces the Human Rights (Gender Identity) Amendment Bill in Parliament (New Zealand). The Bill offers specific protection from discrimination on the grounds of gender identity. Beyer later withdraws the Bill in August 2006 following an opinion from Crown Law saying that transgender people are already protected under the existing human rights legislation of New Zealand. Links: Parliament, NZ Herald

21 October 2005

  • Television news report: Fa'afafine call for a greater voice in the fight against AIDS (New Zealand). Interviewee Edward Cowley. TV3 news, ref F89550. Link: Nga Taonga Sound & Vision

22 October 1973

  • Television: artist Toss Woollaston talks about painter John Constable (New Zealand). Review, ref: TZP6434. Link: Nga Taonga Sound and Vision

22 October 1984

  • Churches in New Zealand attempt to block the television series Jesus the Evidence (New Zealand). The BBC series contains references to homosexuality. Link: YouTube

22 October 1998

  • New Zealand Navy announces a gay-friendly policy (New Zealand). It includes the issuing of pink triangle stickers to identify "safe places"

22 October 2018

  • Kevin Baker, a.k.a. Buffy of Buffy and Bimbo fame, dies (Napier). Link: Dunstalls

23 October 1919

  • The Thames Star reports on a play about Dr. James Miranda Steuart Barry (Thames). Barry was a military surgeon in the British Army who lived their adult life as a man. Links: Papers Past, Wikipedia

23 October 1976

  • The fifth National Gay Liberation Conference is held over Labour weekend (Wellington). The conference is promoted with the text: repeal all anti-homosexual laws; ban discrimination against gays! The conference takes place in the Student Union Building at Victoria University. Link: Salient

23 October 1985

  • The second reading of the Homosexual Law Reform Bill continues in Parliament (New Zealand). Link: PrideNZ.com

23 October 1986

24 October 1982

24 October 1997

  • The first episode of Queer Nation is broadcast (New Zealand). Queer Nation began as a broadcast segment Express Report on Horizon TV in February 1996. It expanded into a half-hour format called Out There, and then became Queer Nation. ref TZP193773. Link: Nga Taonga

25 October 1991

  • Television news report: accident victim was HIV positive - or was he (New Zealand). Interviewees include Brian Persen, Peter Bradley, Phil Wright and Warren Lindberg. Holmes, ref F107530. Link: Nga Taonga Sound and Vision

25 October 2004

  • HIV educator and activist Matt Whyte dies (New Zealand). Link: GayNZ.com

25 October 2005

  • Television news reports: HIV/AIDS is high on the agenda at the Pacific Forum (New Zealand). One news, ref F89556 and TV3 news, ref F89558. Link: Nga Taonga Sound and Vision (1)

26 October 1971

  • Television current affairs: profile of Rewi Alley (New Zealand). Gallery, ref TZP49890. Links: TVNZ, Wikipedia

26 October 1984

26 October 2005

  • Television news report: New Zealand on track for its highest rate of HIV infection (New Zealand). Interviewees include Jay Bennie, Michael Stevens and Tony Hughes. One news, ref F89559. Link: Nga Taonga Sound and Vision

26 October 2013

  • Dramatist and performer Paul Jenden dies (Wellington). Jenden was a lyricist, writer and choreographer of numerous New Zealand productions. Links: GayNZ.com, Stuff

27 October 1916

  • The Ohinemuri Gazette reports on the court appearance of Frederick Wright (a.k.a Kathleen Woodhouse) (London, United Kingdom). Wright is charged with "being an idle and disorderly person in female attire". Wright tells police that he wished he had been a woman. Link: Papers Past

27 October 2005

  • Television documentary: Tuberculosis AIDS (New Zealand). Investigating AIDS in South Africa. Ref F194293. Link: Nga Taonga Sound and Vision

28 October 1971

  • Television current affairs: a report on transvestites and transsexuals (New Zealand). Gallery, ref TZP49891. This item has been digitised and an online viewing copy can be requested from the archive. Link: TVNZ

28 October 1986

  • Television current affairs: the race to find a cure for AIDS (New Zealand). Eyewitness news, ref F58219. Link: Nga Taonga Sound and Vision

28 October 2017

  • Aunty Danas Op Shop opens (Wellington). The shop is located in the community centre at 128 Abel Smith Street. The shop raises funds for the national takataapui, transgender, and intersex organisation Gender Minorities Aotearoa. Link: Aunty Danas

29 October 1929

  • Norris Davey is convicted of indecent assault on a male (Wellington). Soon after Davey begins using the name Frank Sargeson. Links: Papers Past, Wikipedia

29 October 2011

  • Frank Lund (a.k.a. Toni Roget) dies (Wellington). Frankie was a female impersonator who created elaborate outfits (a number of them now are held by Te Papa)

30 October 1985

30 October 1986

30 October 1993

30 October 2010

  • An article profiling LGBTI people in the NZ Defence Force is published in Your Weekend (Dominion Post) (New Zealand). Out in Uniform, an article by Beck Eleven, is published in Your Weekend (Fairfax) magazine profiling LGBTI people in the NZ Defence Force including Major Brendan Wood and Lieutenant Commander Kevin Sanderson, Flight Sergeant Annette Walding and Flight Lieutenant Stu Pearce

31 October 1929

  • Leonard Hollobon is sentenced to five years reformative detention after pleading guilty to three charges of indecent assault on males (Wellington). Norris Davey had earlier testified against Hollobon. Link: Papers Past

31 October 1960

31 October 1988

  • Peter Cuthbert dies (Wellington). Cuthbert is remembered in the first panel of the New Zealand AIDS Memorial Quilt. Link: NZ AIDS Memorial Quilt

31 October 1994

31 October 2002

  • GayNZ.com reports that the Newtown School Board will now allow the Gay and Lesbian Fair to take place at the school (Wellington). The school had previously declined a request to hold the annual fair at the school (something which had occurred for the last 17 years). Link: GayNZ.com
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