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Violet walk tour - Wellington, New Zealand

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[00:00:12] kyouda and welcome along to this rainbow walk talk. My name is Gareth and I'm watching and together with Roger and Gareth, Gareth and Roger. This is the violent walk towards so today we're going to be starting at Parliament here in Wellington and making our way on to the waterfront. The tour is going to last around about an hour and it's going to cover some specific venues in Wellington, but also going to kind of broaden out and talk about homosexual law reform in New Zealand. We're going to be talking about rainbow broadcasting, HIV and AIDS, some trans activism and also a World War One Love Story. [00:00:58] But first we'd like to thank Dr. Lori and Hugh young who started doing book tours in Wellington 25 years ago. And some of their research forms the basis of our tour today. [00:01:12] Now, we're not actually logged into YouTube, we know it's streaming, but we don't know if people are looking. So please feel free to email us at the address below walks@toner.nz. And just to say hi, but also if you'd like to contribute and add to the stories we're going to tell today. [00:01:37] Awesome. So where are we? Well, we're in Wellington and we are going to, for the effect we're going to Parliament, the steps of Parliament, Wellington's parliament. And here is an amazing photo of the forecourt of Parliament with the New Zealand flag, the bisexual flag, the intersex flag there My flag and the transgender flag all flying at half mast Now, the reason they're flying at half mast there is that this photo was taken in March 2019, just days after the mosque terror attacks in Christchurch. And just at the start of the Elgar World Conference in Wellington. It was only the second time that these flags have been flown at Parliament. And we'll talk a bit more about flags flying at Parliament's later on in the tour. But let's start 50 years ago, and half a world away. It's July 1967. And the UK Parliament has just passed the Sexual Offences Act which criminalizes homosexual acts between consenting men aged over 21 in England and Wales. Now this follows the findings of the Wolfington report of 10 years earlier, which had recommended that homosexual behavior should no longer be considered a criminal offence. Change was beginning to happen in New Zealand too, and the first meeting of The New Zealand homosexual Law Reform society occurred in Wellington in July 1967. But it wasn't until 1974 when the first major perimetry attempt at Law Reform happened in New Zealand. For national MP ven young introduced the crimes Amendment Bill which had an age of consent of 21. And keep in mind that for heterosexual six, the age of consent is 16. Now the labour Prime Minister of the time Norman Kirk oppose the bill. He said that he writes support any legislation that treats homosexuality as normal behavior. At the same time, gay lesbian liberation groups are forming throughout the country and they're becoming more and more vocal. Then in July 1975, Labour MP general wall moves an amendment that proposes imprisonment for anyone who communicates with a person under 20 about homosexuality now, if you think about it, support organizations like we have today rainbow youth thought inside out Along with any high school support groups would have been illegal under that legislation. Now, there's a lot of opposition to this. And as can be seen from this image taken on the steps of Parliament, Gerald was here on the left. Vin Young's bill was ultimately defeated by just five votes 3429 but with 23 abstentions, which just highlights how much politicians at that time, didn't want to deal with the issue. [00:04:30] I love this photo with those wild angry loving lesbians. But look, even though there was a parliamentary defeat LGBTI issues and activism weren't going away. So in 1975, Robin Duff was the first person in New Zealand to stand as an openly gay candidate for office. He didn't get in but he stood he stood up As an openly gay man, Roger, when do you think the first openly gay labour politician came was announced politician in Parliament? [00:05:13] I'm going to say Marilyn wearing in the 70s. [00:05:18] You Yes, yes, yes or no. So Marilyn was outed by the truth tabloid newspaper in the 1970s. In the 1970s. She was out to her close friends to her circle, but in my interest in the mainstream, she wasn't in so it was quite, it was horrendous, actually the news coverage of that and in the 1970s, but it wasn't actually until Chris Carter in the early 1990s, where he actually stood as again as an openly gay man, and was elected. And so it's 19 9399 For. So it's still quite recent history not long ago, huh? What about the first openly transgender Member of Parliament in the world, I would have to say [00:06:11] Georgina by [00:06:13] Georgina by Absolutely. And here is a lovely photo of Georgina. Now this is Georgina when she was the near of casselton District, which is just north of Wellington. Now, Georgina, moved from local body politics into national politics in the late 90s as a Labour MP, and Georgina remarked in 2011, that one of your proudest moments as an MP was welcoming back our common repay to Parliament. And this was to celebrate Carmen's 70th birthday in 2006 and Carmen, if you If you've not come across Carmen before Carmen was a New Zealand and Australian icon, she was an entertainer, a sex worker, an entrepreneur, as well as being an activist, particularly around anti discrimination causes and HIV and AIDS. Well, comments previous was to, to parliament was in the 1970s. And this is when she had a TV interview. And she expressed on that interview that she knew of bisexual and a gay Member of Parliament. And at the time, of course, homosexual acts were illegal in New Zealand. And so parliament was deeply affronted by this and call to before the privileges committee. And there's a wonderful shot of Carmen on the steps of Parliament going into the privileges committee in the 1970s She ultimately had to apologize for for saying that she knew of bisexual and gay Members of Parliament because it was like the worst thing ever, particularly at that time. [00:08:13] Well, the eighth of March 1995, Labour MP Fran Wilder introduced to the homosexual law reform bill. He has a great image of her in Parliament. Talking to supporters. France bill sets out to criminalize homosexual activity between adult consenting males and make it illegal to discriminate against anyone based on the sexual orientation. It took 16 months of heated debate both in Parliament and out in the community but eventually part one of the bill. The part that decriminalized homosexual acts between consenting adults passes on the ninth of June 1986. However, part two of the bill that deals with discrimination is lost and so you could still quite legally discriminate against homosexuals terrified If you know in which areas you are quite likely to discriminate against homosexuals, [00:09:06] certainly in accommodation, so you could refuse to rent a room to somebody that was gay and services, you could refuse to serve someone who was gay and an employment so you just just for the fact that they were gay. You could say no, we're not employing you. [00:09:28] So in those areas you are perfectly legal to discriminate against homosexuals, up until the Human Rights Act of 1993. Now the Human Rights Act also outlawed discrimination on the grounds of disability and HIV AIDS. The amendments to the Human Rights Act for championed by the Associate Minister of Health at that time, Catherine O'Regan, who passed away sadly in May 2018 and 2012. She apologized for not specifically including transgender people. In the anti discrimination measures [00:10:03] well one member of parliament who was what had a lot of venom towards gay people was this person here this is a David Henley image of MP Norman Jones. And Norman was the MP the national MP for in Chicago. And he used things like aids as as a as a way of trying to scare people into voting against decriminalizing, homosexuality or the X. He would say things like decriminalizing homosexual acts would mean legalizing the spread of AIDS and that it would be better for people with AIDS to die sooner rather than later to help prevent homosexual war for Norman himself actually died just a year after homosexual Law Reform so he died in 1987. of, of a brain hemorrhage. The idea of HIV and AIDS and homosexual Law Reform are really intertwined here in New Zealand. They both occurred very much at the same time. And actually at our next stop, we're going to talk about a newly aids activist. And our next stop is actually we're moving from the red dots. We were standing at the parliaments grounds. And we're going south Woods a wee bit to Turnbull house, which is just there on ballcock Street. It's the yellow dot. And timber house looks like this. It's a beautiful building, built in 1915 for Alexander Turnbull, and we'll talk about him very, very soon. But also it was the venue For a very early community workshop on AIDS and New Zealand. Now just to give you a little bit of context, so in the US on the fifth of June 1981, the CDC started first reporting about these young gay men who was suddenly developing PCP, a form of pneumonia. And in just couldn't work out, you know, what was happening here. And then on the third of July, an article in The New York Times, carried the headline, rare cancer seen in 41 homosexuals. And by the end of that year in the US, 121 people had had died. Our first age related death in New Zealand was actually in 1984. And it happened in New Plymouth. [00:12:54] Well, [00:12:57] at that time, there was no Governments [00:13:02] education or prevention work around [00:13:09] around AIDS. And, and so along came this chap here. And this is an early activist and educator Bruce boonies. So Bruce is from New Zealand, [00:13:23] and [00:13:26] he was living in Europe in the late 1970s and then moved to San Francisco in 1982. So this was just a year before, I sorry, a year after age was was recognized by the CDC. He returned to New Zealand in 1983. And then in 1984, he began a one man trip around the country. He called it a roadshow attempting to educate at risk communities, about AIDS. So in pumps, to North he courageously came out as somebody that had AIDS. And I say, courageously courageously because at the time, there was a lot of stigma and discrimination that was going on. So people were saying things like, you know, you can't share the same cooking utensils, you can't go to the same swimming bars, because you'll get AIDS, all of which is completely wrong. But this is something that I that Bruce had to deal with, and deal with very publicly. And so Bruce, not only embarked on this one main road trip, but he also did a lot of media work. So there's quite a lot of television footage from the time featuring Bruce and he also helped establish he was instrumental in establishing with others, the aid support network, and the AIDS support network was a community driven volunteer network of people that were not only not only offering Physical practical support, but also emotional support as well. And it was based on the shanty project in San Francisco. So Bruce kept working right up until his death just a couple of weeks. I think he finished work in about may 1985. And then he actually died on the first of June 1985. So that's I think that's 35 years this year. Within 18 months, the aid support network had been given money by the government and had changed its structure somewhat in our become the new zealand AIDS Foundation. [00:15:44] or triple house also has a connection with the author, journalist and tarot card reader Tom McLain. Tom is a Scottish journalist who lives in New Zealand from 1973 until his death in 1989. And he writes a book about his experiences living with HIV and AIDS, it's called if I should die. Now he's carried into Trimble house on a stricture to launch the book on the 21st of March 1989. And sadly, he dies just three days later. Now, Tom McLean's cooked panel is here, and an excerpt from the book if I should die reads. Remember my story about the garden, it's spring, you hold a tiny kitten in your hand and tell me how each form of life no matter how small is part of life itself, when we understand space and time will know that in infinity, all we have is here and now and sometimes in the here and now you'll turn a corner to find a little garden. We'll sit down together under a spring sun and watch the kitten and the butterfly. And I'll tell you again, about the butterflies. [00:16:59] It's A really fascinating book, if you can get a copy, it's a game called if I should die. And it's by Tom McLean. And just keep a keep in your head that phrase if I should die because we'll be coming back to that very soon. The other thing about Turnbull house, it was the home and first library of the merchant and book collector, Alexander Turnbull. Now Alexander is born in Wellington in 1868, but moves to London with his family in 1875. But then returns to New Zealand in his early 20s. In 1915, he has his house built this wonderful brick building for him but also for his huge collection. He was an avid collector of manuscripts, books, photographs, maps, a whole range of things, some I think it's like 55,000 items. Plus he collected all of us material over his life. And before he passed away, he bequeathed his collection to New Zealand. And this forms the basis of our first National Library. And the collection is now housed within the national library called the Alexander tubal library. quite a remarkable gift. Now, apparently, early gay circles, say that Alexander was, quote, a screaming queen. But that's all we know. We haven't any other evidence that he was gay. [00:18:47] We don't have any evidence that he wasn't gay. Apparently he never married so. So there we go. [00:18:54] You guys have proof? Well, let's do a quick side trip while we're at tumble house down. From the red dots down here to the yellow dot, which is at the Cenotaph when we can Cenotaph. And for a number of years to gay teachers lay a wreath here at the Cenotaph on ANZAC Day and member of fallen gay and lesbian service people, because the roof includes a pink triangle, the RSA deems it to political when so this practice is stopped. Now on the Cenotaph itself is an inscription by the English word poet Rupert Brooke. And then description reads, these laid the world away poured out the red sweet wine of youth. And if we remember back to the title of Tom McLean's book, if I should die, that refers to a poem called the soldier which Republic wrote at the beginning of the First World War, the one that talks about if I should die in a foreign field, that kind of thing. Anyway, Irish poet wb Yeats describes Brooke as the handsomest young man in England. And his mid 20s. He visited Wellington on January 1914, off his way to Tahiti. Later that year, he was commissioned into the Royal Naval volunteer reserve and then took part in a number of campaigns before dying, sadly of sepsis on a medical ship, a free hospital ship at the beginning of 1915 on his way to politically short life. [00:20:26] Yeah. We're moving to our next stop now. So we're at the Cenotaph, which is the red dot, and we're actually just going up the hill a wee bit behind the beehive to what looks like a grass Park. And you can see it there. It's actually now a sculpture park with a yellow dopplers but it wasn't always a sculpture park and if we go back to the 1900s The street we're actually looking directly at is called museum Street. And there's a reason for that. Because on museum Street was the first colonial Museum in New Zealand. And so the colonial museum would later become the Dominion Museum which would like to become to pupper. Our National Museum. And this shot here is we're looking from the beehive back towards back up the hill, in the colonial museum is on the right hand side. So the bone Street has actually where that yellow.is the right image. It's a great engineer, if you know Wellington. So in the 1960s there was another building here, and it was broadcasting house and this was built in 1963 and housed you Zealand's public radio stations, but also, some commercial radio stations that were slightly But in 1981, it housed Wellington access radio in Wellington excess radio was the first community access radio station in the country. This photo here shows where the studios were that they were actually on the ground for where the square windows are. So all of the broadcast studios for things like national radio concert, the YCS, and access radio to Why be we're on that kind of ground level. That building was demolished and being destroyed by fire in 1997. But just going back to the access community radio, so access community radio is really important for rainbow LGBTI communities because it was the first time we're committed unities could broadcast whatever they wanted to, to their own communities. So the whole principle behind community access radio is that it's by a community, for a community and about a community. Prior to this, there was other editors involved saying, you know, this is the story, this is the angle. But this is the first time when we can actually say up whatever we want to, to our own communities. So the first x is radio broadcast was on the fifth of April 1981. And it had in that broadcast a program called leave your dishes in the sink, which was a fabulous program. And it was a done by feminist collective, but it had lesbians as part of that collective so that was great for the first broadcast, and then in June 1981. So just a couple of months later, we had the first probably the first gay broadcast in New Zealand by About the gay community. It was for the Gay Pride Week. 1981 And actually, the audio from that is still available online. If you go to pride nc.com and look for Gay Pride Week 1981 you can hear what they were talking about. That audio is preserved by the lesbian and gay archives of New Zealand direct results. It's a great resource, you know? So in 1984, the lesbian community program began on Wellington exes radio, and this was a remarkable program because literally every week since then, since 1984, this collective has been putting out a radio show every Sunday morning. For many years, it was called the lesbian radio show, but a year or so ago, they changed the name to the acronym quoted bananas, and quoted bananas stands for I'll just read it for you [00:25:01] From the collective put out, it stands for queer intersectional, intersex, lesean, Taka Tapui trends in the non binary, diverse bisexual, asexual, and Nana's because a lot of us identify as Nana's. Now, they say the new title is quote, celebrating all the slippery overlaps these communities can have, and how finding your identity within them can be messy, but also fun. And I just think it's such a great example of, you know, when we go back to the 1980s there wasn't a lot of language to describe rainbow communities and all the communities within the community. And now there are so many words that people can use to identify describe that I think this new acronym, this new title, really just explores that whole kind of mixture of, of different identities and how they overlap and how they layer. And yet, it's just a really fantastic example of how things have changed since since the 1980s. Now, just before we leave exit radio, the other major program that was happening on Williams Nexus radio in the 80s, was gay BC, which was gay broadcasting collective. And it started about 1984. Again, again of 1984. And it was very much around allowing people to connect around homosexual law reform. So remember, this was a time when there wasn't any internets. There weren't any cell phones. And this was a great way of disseminating information and making people feel connected in a community. There's a really wonderful photo here. This is from the 1990s Gabe BC. And there are a number of people that are well known and Wellington stall. There's days and john on this photo and the blue and john celebrated his 90th birthday last year, still going strong and great to see them. So that's the 1990s and JBC ran up until the mid 2000s when when it ended [00:27:28] well let's walk now to Next stop, which is the dangers on the terrorists were at the red dot and we're going to walk up the terrorists away to the yellow dot some entries on the terrorists. [00:27:38] And this is a street view of some Andrews. So in June 2016 St. Andrews was the location for the premier of Gareth fires crawl work during these days and it was the first time that Gareth composed something what he would call Politically gay. So the work was commissioned and performed by the glimmer phones to mark the 30th anniversary of homosexual law reform. And it featured texts by Philip Paxton and bring coats and brings text interestingly enough is from the first openly gay book of poetry. And that was published in New Zealand in 1994. called I know. [00:28:25] Also, Andrew is on the terrorist is the oldest Presbyterian congregation in New Zealand, but it always wasn't always on the terrorists. History Isn't he goes back to the arrival of the first ships in New Zealand with European settlers and Wellington in 1940. [00:28:41] The first surface was held [00:28:43] at pitoni beach with a congregation of around 147 settlers. And over the years the church has been located there in the Thornton on the waterfront, Lampton key, customer service tips and now of course on the terrace The current incarnation was built on the terrorists in 1922. In 1975, the very Reverend john Mary becomes the minister and he oversees the church as a center for social justice. The congregation protested strongly against the 1981, Springbok tour and apartheid, and they stood in support of homosexual law reform and more recently in support of the RTR living rage, movement, refugee migrant support services and marriage equality. On the eighth of December 1991, after homophobic resolutions were passed and the Presbyterian churches General Assembly, so Andrew has declared itself to be an inclusive church. And so there are numerous same sex, same sex commitment ceremonies held at the church here in the 1990s. [00:29:50] And then that continues on in the 2000s with the Reverend Dr. Margaret mayman. And migrants became the minister here in 2001. And right from the get go advocated for marriage equality. In 2012. On the day that the whistle walls marriage amendment bill is introduced into parliament, Margaret was to say some words to the crowd who were there in the grounds. Unfortunately, she'd lost her voice. And so her partner read the words but part of migrants speech was, quote, the biblical call to compassion to love your neighbors as yourself, provides the faith mandate for marriage equality. Today we affirm the dignity and worth of all people and recognize sexual difference and diversity as a Blissett part of our creative being. [00:30:46] Well, unfortunately, some churches have been staunchly opposed to same sex marriage and homosexual law reform. For example, in the mid 1980s, the Salvation Army rallied against law reform and the army was arrested. And collecting signatures for the Keith hay and Peter Tate anti war form petition. Now the petition was presented on the steps of Parliament in September 1985 is a photo from that time, it was quickly dubbed the Nuremberg rally for its resemblance to the famous torch lit flag carrying 1936 rally of the Nazi party if you're a book. Now the presentation features a platoon of young people women and blue uniforms, men and white shirts, carrying New Zealand flags and wearing sashes emblazoned with the motto for God for country for family. Well, a position that people carry 91 cardboard boxes supposedly full of petition forms one for each parliamentary electorate up the steps to stack in front of Parliament's doors. And these boxes are handed to MPs Norman Jones, Graham Lee, john banks and Jeff Bray book [00:31:55] and you'll see on this photo, they say 16,000 in That box. And on the day the pro reformers were there as well and kind of worked out if I've got 91 boxes, and the robot 16,000 that actually, a lot of these boxes are pretty much empty. They're not full at all. And so they start chanting, the boxes are empty. And later, they found that a lot of the signatures on the petition were duplicates. They may also have been forged in the same hand. They were signed Mickey Mouse. But I mean, even though you know that's, that's kind of comical. It was actually an incredibly frightening time. You know, people were going door to door asking to sign to sign a petition or asking school kids at school to sign this petition [00:32:53] with them. And even you, Nelson, we had the Salvation Army knocking on our doors asking us to sign the petition and we Didn't, but it was it was threatening and kind of frightening to [00:33:06] just while we're here looking at Parliament, I'll just show you this image. This is an image of when destiny church were opposing civil unions in 2004. And they marched through the city and then ended up at Parliament and chanting and thumping in the ear. Enough is enough. And again, that was quite a frightening, frightening time for a lot of people in in in the city. Well, we're going to walk down now, Lampton we're going to walk down some steps, if we were walking, but not [00:33:43] for each of the imagination. [00:33:45] board. Yeah, so we're going from St. Andrews, the red dots to the yellow dot, which is on LinkedIn key. And just to give you an idea, we just briefly talked about civil unions with the enough is enough money. If we think to 2012, we can look at this image, which is the marriage equality March, which happened on the day that the whistle was introduced the marriage amendment bill into parliament and the building they're walking past. On the left hand side is actually the public trust building, which is the next thing we're going to be talking about. [00:34:26] So the writer Frank Sanderson is born Norris, Davey and Hamilton and 1900 and three, and from the late 1920s, he gets a job with the public trust working in this building. Now built in 1900. Knights the public trust building is believed to be New Zealand's first steel framed office building. By de Norris works there but by 19 Joy's cruising the toilets and beats of Wellington cruising means looking for anonymous sex. One night in 1929. He meets Lynette Holloman who is in quotation marks loaned to the police and being monitored. The to go back to London's boarding house where the police are lying in wait in the next room. bursting in they find the to infer Vantage delicto masturbating each other or in legal terms committing indecent assault. An Iris is persuaded by the crown to give evidence against limit and allow himself to be presented as the innocent party. In return, he receives a suspended sentence while Leonard gets five years hard labor in New Plymouth Plymouth prison. After the court case, Morris goes up north to stay with his beloved uncle on the farm. But a couple of years later, he's forced off the farm by the depression and emerges as Frank Sargent the writer in 2017, during the first reading of a bill to expand historic gay convictions, Justice Minister Amy Adams made an apology on behalf of the government all those who were affected by historic a conviction. The bill was passed and opposed and became law in 2018. And the first two expansions happened later that year. [00:36:09] Well, in that building now in the public trust building now is the ministry for culture and heritage. And one of the meeting rooms in that building is called the Frieda stock room. Now Frieda has a fascinating story. She was born in Northland, and here's a photo of, of freedom. So Frieda, born in 1910, she moved with her family to Auckland and began dancing at the age of nine, and her repertoire then included tap, high kicks, tumbles, and hula. In the 1930s, she learned classical ballet, and by the time of World War Two, she was doing exotic dance for the US troops based in Auckland. She earned the title fever of the flick And was famed for dancing at the Civic and just a G string. And he dress for body glistening, and a coat of gold paint. Now in 1933, freedom meet fellow dance, a film a trot, and they begin a relationship. But at the same time, Thelma was married to a chap called Eric Mario. And Eric didn't like this relationship with Frida and Thelma and so started planning to poison her. And in fact, he actually killed her with an overdose of sleeping tablets in her milk. Now, Eric was charged with murder, and he was went to court twice and was twice found guilty of murdering Thelma and was subsequently sentenced to hang on But that was commuted to life imprisonment. Now, one of the really sad things about this case was that Frida was a prosecution witness and was cross examined by the defense. And so she had nude photographs of herself, displayed in court. And she had her kind of lesbianism picked over by the by the lawyers twice through both cases. After the case, she went in lived in the United Kingdom, but then in the 1990s, sort of in its in the 1970s. Sorry, yes, she came back to live an Auckland and died in the 1990s. One of the really touching things about the story is that when she died, freedom's friends were able to bury her alongside Or just below Thelma trot. And here we have Frida at the base there and then waiting to meet again freedom, which is which is really lovely. Okay, we're going to move now to our next stop. So we're going from the red dot the public trust office to just before Midland Park and before we get to Midland Park which is the yellow dot will just point out on the side of Midland Park, there is this brick building on the right with the awning and that is the old Wellington central police station. And in 1981, there was a demonstration here, which was protesting the rating of early six on site venue here in Wellington called the sun sauna. And the sun sauna is just with the width Plaza Hotel is now opposite the Old Town Hall in Whitefield Street. And not only was the sun rated but also in Auckland, there was the west side sauna, where eight men were arrested and charged. And that prompted a rate of around 600 people to protest in Auckland in February 1980s. The sun sore itself had been in operation since the 1960s and Wellington it wasn't. It wasn't particularly well known to the mainstream society that it was a 600 site venue. But as time went on the out Empire, so brick shift and Tony Petrovich, bought it in the 1970s. And it became more well known is as an early six on site venue. It's changed its name a couple of times. I think one site changed its name to Wakefield, but it's been in a couple of news locations. Around Wellington [00:41:05] great if we just move to the corner [00:41:08] of that site they're [00:41:10] lovely with the yellow dots as we see the sculpture woman of words by the Auckland sculptor, Virginia King not communicates the life and work of one of New Zealand's most famous writers for Mansfield, and during the day the sculpture reflects the movement of the surrounding area and at night, it becomes an illuminated Lenten. Now, let's feel was born in 1888. At 19, she leaves New Zealand and settles in the United Kingdom, where she becomes a friend of modernist writers d. h. Lawrence and Virginia Woolf. In 1917. She's diagnosed with tuberculosis, and this leads to her death at a very young age of 54 and 1923. That makes it has well documented relationships with both men and women. Enter first same sex relationship that we know of is with Massimo cuckoo wealthy young Molly woman who she'd met first at school and Wellington. Mansfield writes, I want to matter I want to as I have had her terribly, this is unclean. I know but true. The second relationship that we know of is with Edith Kathleen bindle. And Minsky writes and posts letters in violet ink nightly to Edith, and like to stay alone with her over at the family's batch, and days back across the habit. Matthew writes in her journal last night I spent in her arms and tonight I hate her, which being interpreted means that I adore her that I cannot lie in my bed and not feel the magic of her body. I feel more powerfully all those so term sexual impulses with her than I have with any man. Well, another favorite quote of Mansfield is risk risk anything care no more for the opinions of others. For those voices do the hardest thing on earth for you. Act for yourself. Face the Truth. [00:43:08] Great words. Fantastic words. Yeah. Well to tie. Frank, who we've just been talking about in with Katherine, we've just talked about. We've got this wonderful image here. And this is knio Marche, who was again, a famous New Zealand writer, and theater director, and Frank Sargent, and they are walking in the Catherine medfield Memorial Park, which isn't formed on Wellington. And this was 1965 after Frank had just received the Catherine Mansfield Literary Award, which is a really lovely time. So one of the things here at Midland Park was that it hasn't always been a park. It was in fact hotel So if we have a look at the Street View, basically the yellow.is Midland Park, and to the right of it, we have Corian stains, which is no longer a journal, David Jones back in the day. We've got accordion stains on the right. And this was the impressive Midland hotel, which was there in the 1900s. Now, interestingly with the Midland hotel famous British writer, some sick mourn, and his secretary stayed here in January 1917, and they were on transit in transit on their way to summer and Tahiti. And by this time, more is really famous. He had 10 plays produced in 10 novels written he was too old to enlist in World War One when it broke out in 1914. So served in France as a member of the British Red Cross. During this time he meet Gerald hexton, who was a young man from San Francisco. And this is Gerald and Somerset. [00:45:10] And [00:45:14] yeah, they they had a relationship for 30 plus years and and they came in to New Zealand and 1917 but also in 1917. More was actually married to Surrey welcome. And that marriage lasted for 13 years, and later, more commented to his nephew Robin on his bisexuality, he said, I tried to persuade myself that I was three quarters normal, and that only a quarter of me was queer. Whereas really, it was the other way around. Now the only other comment will actually come across with more talking about New Zealand is when he said quote, it was amusing because it was so extraordinarily English. And and that's it. [00:46:05] Yeah. Well the Midland hotel was demolished in like the 1980s and then its place came the Midland park that we know and love today. It was here in February 2015. The feminist trans activists community icon Shelly Twyla Howard conducted a social experiment and education campaign, highlighting the differences between tolerance and acceptance. scraped image here was taken by Kate Spencer, Michelle he stood blindfolded, with arms outstretched and with two signs beside her one summarize data from the youth 2012 survey which showed that despite the many hardships faced by transgender youth, there was still the most active in youth communities in helping and assisting others. The second time read, I am transgender. I honor you will You honor me after my hug me Well, in an interview with jack Lynch Shelly recalls how she engaged with about 25 people that day and how with some people, she could feel the distance between them even though they were hugging that with others, the hearts engaged and she could feel the sincerity. Well, Shelly reflected on those interactions. She said, Now that you've got this information, what are you going to tell your children? What are you going to tell your partner? Are you going to go to the local school board of trustees and tell them that we have to do more for queer identifying youth, which sadly, Shelley passed away in November 2017. [00:47:40] We're going to move on to the waterfront now. And so it's quite a quite a walk about seven minutes, but um, we'll be there flesh. So we're going from the red dots to the yellow dots. So we're right on the harbor [00:47:58] and just over 100 years ago, On the 16th of October 1914, almost eight and a half thousand men and nearly 4000 horses sailed from the wolves around the waterfront here for the First World War. There are 10 trips ships in the harbor and they leave on that day on board with two soldiers Norman Gibson and Roy Island. They meet at the trip for military camp or possibly a little later in Egypt. on route to Europe, they became lovers Roy was 28 Norman was 19 the artist toss walleston notes in his autobiography Sage tea that Roy had told me how he had seen the younger while at the war poised for a dive when they were swimming and loved his beautiful body. Well, they're active together during the Battle of the song Norman is wounded and evacuated and Roy writes a poem to him. It's published in the 1970 books 17 book, New Zealand at the front end reads form like Hercules of old, mighty little And shapely mold, manly strength and beauty rolled all sunshine. Now that we are far apart, longing makes the hot tears start who can ease my aching heart, old sunshine? Well after the war, Roy and Norman bought a fan together. Roy leaves Norman in 1951, and they both subsequently married women. In 19 9097, Norman's daughter, Miriam saphira wrote a biography of your father called a man's man, a daughter's story. [00:49:35] Well, second to last stop is actually a way into the harbor. So we're at the red dot and we're actually going to the yellow dot, which is matoo stones Island. And when we're doing this as a physical walk tour, we just point out from the harbor. We don't actually go there. Although it's a lovely Island, certainly with a trip and certainly with a trip. This is a view of matters Sam's islands looking from a spawn towards Wellington. And you can see this some structures on the top of of the island. In World War One, this was actually used as an internment camp for enemy aliens. And this is a photo from that period. You can see it's like right on the top of the island. And just imagine that you know, the southerly winds coming up from Antarctica and hitting that and winter. It would have just been really icy place. I see place to be. And the reason why we're here is because we're talking about Dr. Helmer Vaughn de novo and this is a police photograph of the doctor. The doctor cut through here super short. With a tailored skirt and jacket, a shirt tie and a manage hat. Now price the war the doctor helps establish a health clinic in Miramar and it's based on a Germans doctors methods. Now Vonda Annabelle is rumored to have a naturally strong influence over the woman she treats the hospital. And then during World War One, the woman's anti German league are really suspicious of her and seek an investigation. The Solicitor General of New Zealand reports quote, there was grave ground for specific so I've decided to give there was grave ground for suspicion that this person is a mischievous and dangerous imposter. There is much reason to suspect that she may be a man masquerading as a woman. Well, the doctor agrees to a physical examination to determine her gender, and it's revealed that she is indeed a woman. But on the 26th of may 1917. She's still imprisoned on my two sons Island and she is the only female to be on isn't on the island is an element enemy alien. After seven weeks, she has a severe nervous breakdown and is removed from the island and into the care of some of his supporters. After the war in 1919, she leaves New Zealand with a female companion. And they traveled to Australia. And then on to San Francisco. Wi Fi dies I think in 1930, around 1930 Julie Eagle Musleh, historian Julian rosener. And author is writing a book currently on Helmer and hopefully it will be coming up soon. hopefully sometime this year. It's a fascinating story at fascinating person. Yeah. [00:52:52] Okay, well, let's move to our last stop, which is the yellow dots. Frank Franklin Park was the starting point for the 2016 Pride parade and it's also the venue for the candle at Memorial in June 2016 for the victims of the Orlando nightclub massacre. Now beyond Frank its pack is the lagoon which was the venue for the beacons of hope eights candlelight memorials in the 1990s. Now, at the memorial ceremonies peak in 1993, services were held in Chi Chi todo Rotorua and Nelson Christchurch tomorrow, Hamilton Napier pumps the North plenum to need an end in Chicago. And often there's a memorial service at St. Matthews in the city, followed by the lighting of flaming torches, and here in Wellington, the torches were held high and the New Zealand Sufi orchestra and the National Youth choir performed at Frank Kitts lagoon. [00:53:49] And you were actually Fs [00:53:50] I was there and it was quite tappings amazing occasion really, for moving [00:53:57] Well, one of the many Tollner Or treasures held at our national museum to pop up on the waterfront is the AIDS Memorial quilt. And the AIDS Memorial quilt started in New Zealand, the New Zealand part of it started in New Zealand in 1988. Originally, the quilt was established coming out of San Francisco a couple of years earlier. But the first panel for the New Zealand quote is this one. It's for Peter Cuthbert. And it was made by his partner Daniel fielding and friends. Peter died on the 31st of October 1988. And this first quote panel was presented just a month or so later on the first of December 1988. So the the quote panels are each three foot by six foot which is the average size of a grave and they are not only a memorial, but also an an educational tool around safer sex and HIV and AIDS. And the first quilt was conceived in 1985 in San Francisco, and that was by activist Cleve Jones during a candlelight March. Now, as I say, the majority of the panels for the New Zealand eight scope are actually held it to pop out and you can actually request to see them. They're not on display publicly on display all the time, but you can actually put in a request to view a particular panel. And all the panels are actually also online. If you go to eight schools.org.nz ID, you'll be able to search and view the panels online as well. [00:55:50] Finally, on this tour, a word about the rainbow flag, which is another influence coming from San Francisco. Now the rainbow flag has been picked up by many elders. GBT is rainbow communities around the world. And as part of Wellington's Pride parade in 2017, this 50 meter long rainbow flag was paraded for the first time in New Zealand down Courtney place onto the waterfront hitting towards Waitangi Park. Now this particular flag was created in the UK by a group of people whose partners had passed away from AIDS related conditions. Flags being carried down the streets of London, Paris, Singapore and Sydney. And the original rainbow flag was created by the US activists Gilbert Baker is part of collective and Nitin CPA, but Gilbert refused to trademark the flag saying that the rainbow flag belong to all rainbow communities. [00:56:47] And to tie back to where we first started at Parliament, is this lovely image. This is an image by jack Lynch and it was taken in 2016, and it was the first time ever, that the rainbow flag was flown on the forecourt of Parliament. And it was tight, it was done to make the 30th anniversary of homosexual war reform. I can't imagine what MP Nolan Jones would have thought of that. And historically, two years after that, the rainbow flag, the bisexual flag, the six flag and the transgender flag was flown on the steps of Parliament. And that was to mark either hobbit day, which was the International Day against homophobia, biphobia, transphobia, and intersex phobia. And that was remarkable. And then of course, we can tie that back to the first image we showed you in this presentation, which was when the those flags were flying at half mask because of the mourning for the victims of the terror attacks in Christchurch in 2019. But just finally there are some other rainbows in Parliament and since 2008 the Rainbow Room has been in Parliament and this is a select committee room. And it has been called the Rainbow Room since 2008. And last year in 2019. It was redecorated. And as you can see, there are lots of different flags for our communities. There's a wonderful toggle panel by Elizabeth Katie Katie. There are out MPs. The portraits are on the wall. And what you don't see in this image but behind us six pieces of significant legislation that have impacted rainbow communities. The Rainbow Room is well worth visiting you You can ask one of the tour guides at Parliament to show you the room and also hosts some events. So you just need to ask one of your MPs that you know, to see if you can get an event hosted in there. And on that very positive note, we are going to end today's talk. Thank you so much for coming on this virtual tour. This is the second virtual tour we've done because of the COVID-19 restrictions. So hopefully, we're looking forward to level one where we can actually do these tours physically. And but also we want to keep these going virtually as well because it's a different audience and, and and hopefully you enjoy them. Remember, if you want to connect with us, you can just use the email just below here. walks at tongue documented, please feel free to send us a note [01:00:01] Yeah, and thank you. [01:00:02] And thanks to Alison, Laurie and Julia for the original research which was used in this tool. Thanks again. See you next time, next time. Have a good afternoon. Thank you day bye bye

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