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Resonance walk tour

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[00:00:22] keota Welcome along to this rainbow walk tour. My name is Gareth and I'm Roger. And together we're [00:00:28] Roger and Gary Hogarth and Roger, if you prefer. [00:00:32] It's so lovely to have you on this very special walk tour. Roger and I have been doing these tours physically since 2017. But because of the COVID situation, we can't obviously have groups at the moment. So we thought a great way of doing it would be to do it as a virtual walk tour. And today is even more special because this is, especially for the MB rainbow network. And just a huge thank you for inviting us along to do this presentation for you. We're not actually logged into YouTube, we have got quite a slow computer here. And so we're not quite sure. We know it's broadcasting, but we're not quite sure if you're actually there. So if you do want to contact us, please use the email address below. That's walks@tyler.nz you're more than welcome to write and say hello, or share your thoughts. We had one just before we came online, which was from Paul, who says, What did he say? He says? You guys are cracking me up hilarious. We weren't [00:01:50] even trying to. But there you go. Yeah, so maybe just a couple of thank [00:01:55] yous First of all, yeah. Well, thank you. First of all to you for coming along and On this tool with us, but also to Alison, Laurie and Hugh Yang, who've done quite a lot of research into rainbow history of Wellington, and we've drawn on some of that for this tour. [00:02:11] Great. So the tool is going to last around about 15 minutes. And as I say, you're more than welcome to say hi as we go along. But to get things started, let's just give you an idea of where we are located. [00:02:28] So the tour is beginning in tiara in Wellington V in a city suburb of Seattle with the yellow daughters. The whole tour effect takes place within tiamo and telo means the facing and it was thought to have been named by a local IUI Nazi our one of the locally we now try and reference to facing Mount Taranaki from where they traveled. The Maori settlements dominated Wellington up until the arrival in 1840 of the New Zealand case Now the New Zealand companies objective was the systematic colonization of New Zealand and they began dividing up land for European development. China was one of the early areas to be settled because it was flat. And they still exist now quite a collection of historic buildings at the top end of Cuba stories which date from the early settlements from about the 1860s some of the buildings but we started tour with the yellow.is here outside this building, which has a lovely shop when the display window at the front there. It's from a bit later it's from about 1900 1900 and one and for its first few decades, it was a dry cleaners in Wellington and then had a variety of occupants up until the 1970s when it was occupied by common root pain and common head her comments curios here as you can see Display windows. It was in the 70s with Carmen's shop, and it has the wonderful windows surrounds. They're sort of Arabian Nights exotic surrounds for the window is very reminiscent of design for cabins international coffee lounge, which we'll hear a bit more quite a bit more about. a wee bit later. That was in Vivienne Street. But who was Carmen repaid? Well, Cameron was a performer, a sex worker, an entrepreneur as well as being an activist, particularly around HIV causes energy discrimination. And there's a great photo here of Carmen after the 1960s titled Kiwi Carmen Cameron was born in toda Nui 1936 and she later lived in both Auckland and Wellington. She first became drag performance while she was in the military during compulsory military service in the 1950s. They may wonder what the connections between the military and drag but in fact that is either dumb forces have quite a history of drag performance particularly with the various cuts at parties that entertained the troops in the Second World War and later, here's a great image of Ralph Dyer also known as Malin a heat crash performing in New Caledonia in 1943. Now there are a number of other performers that would still have been talked about when Cameron was doing him military service in the 1950s. So after his military service, Cameron moved to Sydney as Kings Cross and became Australia's first Maori Dray performer and from that time on, she identified as transsexual. In 1967 she moved back to Wellington, and established her international coffee lounge for belcore cabaret and Egyptian tea room just down the road, a massage parlor and a brothel. She also established the curio shop that we have for frontof now, now Kevin's life was filled with curios and there's a wonderful shot here. her living room which was in Sydney a wee bit later, showing all her knickknacks. [00:06:07] It's such an amazing collection of just common. It's quite quite incredible. Quite a number of those toner in that image have ended [00:06:18] up [00:06:18] at two pupper Carmen hand selected some items and then gifted them to to pop up before she died in 2011. Well, one of Carmen's many achievements was winning a landmark court case in 1966, which was about the right to wear female clothing in public. So prior to this time prior to 1966 New Zealand newspapers are peppered with stories about people being taken to court for just something wearing female clothing in public. Well, January 1966, Carmen was arrested in Auckland with quote behavior In an offensive manner, in the offensive manner was that she was wearing a skirt, stockings and high heeled shoes. But she wasn't really having a bar of that charge. And she said she was going to go to court and defend it. So Carmen turns up at court in the police say go home and change into male clothing. And she said, No, no, you caught me as a woman, and I'm going to court as a woman. And you're quite quite a remarkable stand. So the judge in this case, Justice McCarthy, not only dismissed the case, but also in his decision notes said quote, he was quite unable to find anything in our law, which says that it's unlawful for a male to wear tie himself and female clothing. And that was a riddle watershed moments here in New Zealand. So Carmen was a trailblazer. And she also was, I think, kind of will hit over time. She advocated for homosexual law reform, which happened in 1985 1986. But she was talking about that in the early 1970s. And she also in the 1970s, advocated for prostitution law reform, which happened in 2003. We're going to be talking a wee bit more about prostitution, law reform. And our next stop on the top, I should just say that, um, we've had some correspondence and Robert says, yes, you are alive and still hilarious. Thanks for [00:08:35] not doing. [00:08:38] Thank you. [00:08:40] But let's move on to our next stop quickly. So we're at the red dot and we're going to the yellow dot, which is just a couple of doors down. [00:08:49] Yes. So this sort of fairly unremarkable looking building was in fact the first location of the New Zealand prostitutes collective, who opened there in 1988. The collective was formed in 1987 by a diverse group of six industry workers, and they had the aim of providing support and education. Shortly after forming, they were contracted by the Ministry of Health to provide a range of services focusing on HIV AIDS prevention. And the collective shared the space with the National people, people living with AIDS union, which was based here from 1988 until the early 1990s. And it was also the home of one Ethan's first needle exchange program. Now, right from the start, the collective was a driving force for prostitution law reform. That and that call was taken up by the Labour MP Tim Barnett's who introduced the prostitution or form built into parliament in 2000. The purpose of the law reform was to enable sex workers to have the same rights and protections afforded to other workers in other industries in June 2003, and he's either became the first country in the world to decriminalize sex work prior to the sex work has been explicitly illegal. But there are a range of offenses surrounding this that could be committed in association with acts of prostitution, including the 1900 and eight Act, which says that, from that time any, anyone who was keeping a common body house for the purpose of prostitution, along with its tenants was liable for two years imprisonment with hard labor. [00:10:36] Now, the reason we got a little bit lost there was because I was trying to delete something on one computer and I was obviously hitting the wrong keyboard on the keyboard on the image that you were seeing on the screen. So I apologize for that. And we're just trying to get the image back up on the screen work. Just one a question that's coming from Michael was whereas Common buried issue buried in Wellington. My understanding is that she's buried just out of Sydney, Australia. Yeah. Yes. It's either in Sydney or just outside of Sydney. [00:11:13] That's that's where she died. I think she's buried there too. Mm hmm. Well, [00:11:18] I'm just getting back to prostitution, reform and surprise, surprise, even though prostitution was illegal, it still happened. So sometimes quietly, but also sometimes quite blatantly. And an example of that is Commons international coffee lounge, which was on Vivian street just next door to the Salvation Army Citadel and great, great neighbors. So the commons international coffee lounge was two stories. On the ground floor we had the coffee lounge and upstairs we had the the rooms for six work, and what would happen is that clients would come in and have a cup of a cup of coffee. or tea with Carmen downstairs. And depending on how they placed the cup and saucer told Carmen, what kind of liaison they were interested in. So a cup placed on its side was for a transgender liaison. A cup placed upside down was for a hitch sexual liaison and saucer placed on top of a cup was for a home sexual liaison in the in common could work out what kind of liaison was required and would arrange with the sex worker who would go upstairs and in the client would actually leave the coffee lounge go outside and got a back entrance. Apparently Carmen had a really fantastic line for male patrons who were giving her a bit of job. She would say, Do you want a fuck or a fight because I can give you both? [00:12:57] Great line, right line. [00:12:59] Okay, we're gonna To move now. Oh, just before we do, I'm just gonna take you back to the image of where the prostitutes collective was. That was built in 1920 on the outside there that the outside of the building. Behind it is a real lovely gym in Cuba Street. And it was built in 1860 and it's this wonderful two storey cottage and it's the oldest building in the Cuba street area. And what we're looking at here is Cuba street is behind this building. So we're looking towards Cuba Street. A lovely hidden gym came up on the the open market a couple of years ago and this is where that that images from real cutie. Okay, moving on to our next stop now. We're going from the red dots and we're going up to the yellow dots. So we're just going northward suppose so we've just crossed [00:13:55] state highway one and the bypass there. Why Pass was responsible for the movement of a number of historic buildings at the top in Cuba Street, including this two storeys industrial commercial building, there, which this is a photo of it back in the day. And actually, it's on the other side of the road from where it was, and it was moved in the construction of the bypass. [00:14:24] And there's actually a wonderful image. So this is what it used to look like. And you'll see that there's the single story on the left hand side. This is where it is now. So the obviously the two storey buildings on the left, but those single storey buildings are on the right, and that yellow.is one of the buildings and they go I don't actually is Carmen's Egyptian Tea Room. [00:14:45] So Cameron had lots of businesses at the center of town. And the reason why I wanted to draw your attention to the commercial buildings, they're the ones on the left, brown bonds there. They are typical of the kind of architecture From Around the turn of the century to turn of the 20th century. They were designed by the architects, Thomas Turnbull and his son, William, who were very prominent architects in Wellington. At the turn of the century, Thomas was born in Scotland and at 24 bucks, he made his way to New Zealand, and he and his son designed a number of buildings around Wellington, which still exists, and we'll see a few more of them on this tour. Probably one of the most notable notable buildings is this one here. This is timbal house. And it's on bowling Street. It's a particularly beautiful sort of historic residence really. And you might be thinking our timber house. Is that named after the architects? No, it's not that it's named after the owner, Alexander Trimble and in fact, the Trimble architects and outside the Trimble families will not Relations at all. And [00:16:01] you may also be going Ah, for Alexandra tubal because as a photo of a very dashing, shall we say, Alexander tubal mustache, great mustache. Now he was a merchant and book collector and he was born in Wellington in 1868, but moved to London with his family in 1875. But then he returned to Wellington in his early 20s, which I find quite quite interesting. In 1915 tumble house was built as his residence and as a place to store his large collection of books, documents, manuscripts, photographs, 55,000 items, approximately in total. Unfortunately, Alexander died in 1918, just a couple of years after two more house was built, and he died after complications following surgery on a sinuses Before his death, he bequeathed his entire collection to the nation. And this is where we get the first national collection in New Zealand, the Alexander tool collection which is now a part of the National Library, the Alexander Trimble library. Now, apparently, in early gay circles, Alexander was known quote, as to be a screaming queen. But I think other biographers have not been able to find any evidence that he was a screaming queen. Although I'm not sure what evidence you have need [00:17:39] a smoking gun. He never married. That's good enough for you. [00:17:43] That's good enough for us. You know, little if you will. [00:17:47] Yeah. Let's move on. [00:17:49] Okay, so we're moving on from Alexander tuneful, and we're actually moving northwards up Cuba street, and so on. The red dots is where we are, and we go To the yellow dot, which is north woods, and it's the people's palace, and the people's palace is this wonderful four storey building on our [00:18:09] right. [00:18:11] Now this was built by the Salvation Army. And this building has a number of construction dates. In 1904, which is on the left hand side, it's the smaller part on the far left, and then 1916 and 2003. Now, the Salvation Army built people's palaces in both New Zealand and Australia in the early part of last century, as a way of offering like a free cheap accommodation, to quote from the army. It was to assist the fallen and suffering brothers and sisters, and to rescue outcasts. Now, if we had been staying there in 1894. We wouldn't have seen the structure but we would have seen an earlier structure Have again been booked by the Salvation Army and that was the Paulina rescue home. And if we'd been staying there in 1894, we could easily have come across a young Eugene Fellini and he is a is a police mugshot of Eugene. [00:19:15] So the fact that there is a police mugshot, in fact of Eugene tells a bit of a story and we'll get onto that in a moment. Eugene was born in 1875 in Italy, and came to New Zealand at the age of two with his family. And he was the eldest of 22 children 17 of whom survived into adulthood. So it was a huge family usually was working at Murphy's Brickworks until lucky street when he was taken to court for impersonating a man. Now around the age of 51. He ran away to see in 1895 he was raped multiple times by the ship's captain and had a baby in Sydney in 1898. Staying in Sydney, he changed his name to Harry Crawford. married twice and was one of those wives that he was charged and and ritually convicted of murdering in 1920. Now, the evidence for the murder conviction is pretty circumstantial by today's standards, and the evidence is pretty flimsy. If the less he was convicted and imprisoned. He died sadly in 1938 after being released from prison and then stepping out off the pavement and accidentally into the path of an oncoming car [00:20:35] or just a wee bit further down from the people's palace. We're at the red dot and we're just going into the corner which is the yellow dot. [00:20:44] And that is [00:20:47] now ombre. You may be familiar with that. But back in the day, it was built in 1922. And back in the day, it was called the Morgans building. And the Morgans building. has had a number of occupants. And here's a photo from the 1970s. Just showing the, the kind of the corner of the building. Just to point out that on the ground floor from 1937 was Anthony, Janice, a hairdresser. And you may if you are from Wellington, you may recall, George Janice and George Janice has had multiple hair salons and Wellington over the decades and is a really well known business person in Wellington. Well, George started here in 1953 with his father, and I've got to say I'm so looking forward to where he is. So looking forward to you. I think this is this is the longest ahead without further but we've got six weeks anyway. Anyway, back to the sign. Also, we Have on the first floor. The striptease sign and the striptease sign here is advertising. a striptease called club exotic, later to be known, later to be renamed a club exotic. [00:22:16] Yeah, in fact, that sign was there for years and years actually long after it was a strip club. But club exotic was owned by Emmanuel Papadopoulos and the famous New Zealand actor, an entertainer and percussionist Bruno Lawrence used to work there and he would accompany the girls stripping. Not stripping himself he would perform fair fears and drum rolls in accompaniment to the stripping. And Carmen worked here for the 1960s and Georgina Baya worked here from the 1970s and talking about this. A few years ago, Georgina said, of working at Club exotic The only queens that got to work in clubs Do the full on stripping head to be extraordinarily good looking and and springball. The exploitation was horrendous in lots of ways, but better to be inside a strip club on a cold, wet, windy Wellington light and stuck out on the corner trying to pick up a client. She also said I'd finished doing a spot up at the club exotic race downstairs and my bra and panties and perhaps with a fabulous cape on and sort of fly across Vivienne Street to get to the purple onion to fill in and do a spot there. Now the pupil ended was Wellington's first first drag club, and it was located just next to the subway shoppers on Vivian street now [00:23:41] just before we go on as well, again, just reiterating, if you would like to say hello, or you have a question, and please feel free to or if you have a story, please feel free to email us@walks.target.in Zed, and I think I've got my keyboards sorted out now so I went I went delete The slides Georgina Georgina bio now Georgina has had an amazing life story thus far. Here's a lovely photo of Georgina from the 1990s. Georgina was born in Wellington in 1957. And she lived in Wellington region for some time before moving moving with her mother and brother up to Auckland. So while in Auckland, in high school, she discovered acting and drama, and she won the college cup for drama in 1972. And then, pretty soon after that, I actually left school and came back to Wellington and then worked on the Kuba 3d area, and the six months payment industries. In the mid 80s, she was nominated in the National Film and Television Awards for Best Actress in a dramatic role and then in the 19 90s she moved into politics. And this is where that photo comes from. This is Georgina, when she was elected mayor of casselton districts, so the Carleton districts just north of Wellington, and it was significant both nationally and internationally. Because Georgina was the first openly transgender person in the world to hold a mirror to you, which is really fantastic. In the late 90s, she moved into national politics, and again became the first openly transgender person in the world to become a member of parliament. And again, this is this is really fantastic and a trailblazing. trailblazing so Georgina, wall and Parliament fought for civil unions, and also prostitution law reform in both of those things happened in 2003 2004 and inside was great to get that legislation through. There's one other thing that we just need to say before we move on to our next stop. And that is, there's lovely lovely traffic lights on Cuba street with the iconic image of Carmen in on the green pedestrian traffic light. And they were put in place by former mayor city away brown in 2016. So there are a number of places on Cuba Street. When you go to cross as a pedestrian, you get to see Carmen. It's just such a lovely thing every day to come down and see Carmen kind of Blazing out like this. We're just going to move on to our next stop now and just a content warning that our next stop is dealing with a local hate crime and is a little bit graphic. But we're going from the red ombre building up to We're going eastwards to the yellow dots. And that is, it looks like a car park there. In fact, it's the service station on login Street. [00:27:10] Well, early in the morning of the eighth of May, a 1999 14 year old Jeff Waddington is sitting on the curb of this petrol station. He's had a night out, he's drunk and he's high. At 4:20am. A police officer talks to Jeff, he says he's okay. And so the officer leaves also out drinking that night with two men in their 20s Steven Smith and Jason needs and by chance they drive by Jeff here at the petrol station. Now he's a complete stranger to them. The two men stop and start talking to Jeff and all three eventually wind up a short drive away and the arrow Valley smoking a joint now it's here that Steven and Jason beat Jeff to death. The pier boasts to acquaintances later that Fave big number faggots who'd been wearing makeup. They told her acquaintances they'd never seen anyone bleed from the places that he believed from. Will Steven adjacent admit to punching me and kicking him but they deny stopping on his head and they say that they never meant to kill him. Jeff suffers severe brain damage, has bookmarks on his skin and has a ruptured bow. A woman find some alone lying in a puddle at 4:40am and he dies in hospital the next day. With a jury convicted both Steven and Jason have murder and they were sentenced to life imprisonment. Jason was released from prison in 2013 and Steven was freed on parole in April 2017. Now he's been released on three previous occasions and recalled to prison each time. [00:28:50] Well, the horrific murder of of Jeff happened just eight months after the killing of Matthew Shepard in Wyoming The USA and both murders had a really marked impact on a lot of people, including local playwright, Ronald Trafigura, Nelson, who wrote the play corner 4am in Cuba. Looking at the events around Jeff Steve, a few years ago, Ronald Sivan an interview that the first season will the only season of the play which happened at Betts Theatre in Wellington, which is quite an intimate theater. I think it holds about 100 people. [00:29:35] That season [00:29:37] they invited both chiefs family and the perpetrators families. And he was saying that, that they all attended, but just what a tense night of theater. It was. I can't imagine what that would have been like. You know, yeah. We've had a question from Richards who's asking, do we know when the oldest gay bar or meeting space opened in Wellington? And it's a really good question. We are going to be talking about the Dorian society a little later on, which might have been one of the early groups that meet in the was certainly public bars that were people were meeting it in the 60s and 70s and coffee lounges. So for instance, things like comes coffee shop. [00:30:30] Coffee lounge, I should say. [00:30:32] Yes, we'll talk about the Dorian society, but later on, but I can't think of any specific examples. [00:30:40] There are probably early pubs and things that were known as meeting places, but not specifically gay, or whatever. You're thinking of around the middle and hotel sort of era [00:30:54] years, and I think in those earlier times, so we're talking you know, 1940s and 50s. There would have been a lot of dinner parties in private houses. So I think it was a lot more private. And the bars, our understanding is that the bars were happening in the 60s and 70s, coming out of meetings and coffee lounges, and things like that. And also remember that that bars or that time were a lot more restrictive in terms of hours in in sale of sale of liquor. So we'll move to our next stop now, which is going from the red dot. We're going north east to the yellow dots and the yellow.is on Willow street, and the yellow dot being St. Peter's Church on Willow Street, a lovely, lovely church. And this church was actually built by Thomas Turnbull, the architect who we've been talking about earlier on. It was built in 1879. But there was actually an earlier church structure that was on the site just seven years after European settlement. So in 1847 This is the first St Peter's Church. And the part on the left is the original church. The part on the right with the circular window is built in 1866. So this church so Peters, pretty much as soon as it was built, was used as temporary accommodation following the devastating Melbourne 7.4 earthquake in 1848. By the 1870s, the church had seen a lot of modifications, and was described in 1870 as a large, straggling disproportionate shapeless, hideous deformity. So a replacement church was planned. And this is where we get this one from the 18 1870s lady 70s [00:33:02] Well, the reason that we are here is that in June 1967, the Reverend Godfrey Wilson delivered a sermon highlighting the negative treatment of homosexuals. Now, this was a radical call for acceptance and inclusion at that time. When you think about it, that was 20 years before homosexual law reform in New Zealand and so many people for time in the late 60s would have thought of homosexuality as a perversion and not a measure of human rights. And on that note, here's a clipping from the 1960s about the same time I hit 67. It's a newspaper article from detective Superintendent if a Gordon or feg for short. And it's he says, He asks the people of Christchurch Do we want our cities overrun with pimps pups is pansies pussyfoot perverts? Well, today the answer to that? Probably yes. But in 1967, the answer would have been a resounding no. Now the Reverend God freeze sympathetic sermon was broadcast on national radio and it was probably the first sermon of its kind in New Zealand. The core of the sermon was about a man named john, who was talking to a prison chaplain john is in prison because of his homosexuality. JOHN says to the chaplain, if you fall in love and marry, well, that's fine. But if I fall in love and want to share it, that's perversion, and it must be persecuted and punished. Well in 2017, to Mark 50 years since this landmark sermon, it was repeated by the Reverend and it cater and at the end, she blissed the rainbow banners that you can see here in the church, and some of these banners included ones that were made from materials given to her by her mother who makes clergy vestments, Reverend Keisha Seaton her blessing. We know that in the beginning God created the heavens and the earth and all that has in it, and God says, It is good, all of it. And so in that spirit made these banners be a symbol of that all encompassing, generous, amazing, Unending love for all. That all who see it maybe overwhelmed by the power of that love, and no God, that you are a God of love. [00:35:30] It's a really lovely church. If you haven't been inside, it's a really lovely choose to go on. It's got this lovely warm wood, intimate feel, yet absolutely gorgeous. Okay, we're going to move to our next stop, which is just a bit further up on a street. And so we're on the red.at the moment and we're going to the yellow dots, and that yellow.is where once was Baptist house, and now it's called strategy house. And years ago, there was a Bible shop on the ground floor And apparently, a lot of Russian seamen would would come in and in buy the Bibles at the store. But now it hosts a variety of organizations. On the second floor is the lesbian lending library. Look, and we'll talk about that just in a minute. But on the first floor is the New Zealand AIDS Foundation, Athena center in the fitness center, not only offers testing for HIV, syphilis, and other STI eyes, but also offers some counseling services as well. But this is not the first location of Athena. It was originally in Newtown in it kind of was established in the late 1980s. It's not The first HIV clinic Center in New Zealand, the first was actually in Auckland, and it's called the Burnett center. And this is a lovely photo of Bruce Burnett, who was named after. So if we go back to the early 1980s, it was 1981 in the US when the CDC started putting out reports, saying that there were these clusters of young gay men that were getting really rare cases of, of pneumonia, and that was 1981. It wasn't until 1983 that we actually had our first aids related diff in New Zealand. And so we were a good two to three years behind what was happening in the US, or somebody that was in the US was Bruce Burnett. He was originally from Auckland and he moved from he moved to Europe and then he moved on to San Francisco in 1982. And in 1982, he was volunteering as part of the shanty project in San Francisco. And so this offered both emotional and practical support for people with chronic illnesses, including those that had AIDS. In 1983, sorry, in 1984, Bruce came back to New Zealand, and he single handedly started a one person road trip around New Zealand, trying to educate at risk communities about AIDS. in Palmerston North, he held a workshop and then publicly came out as somebody who had AIDS and it was really courageous at the time because there was so much kind of stigma and discrimination going on. You know, people were saying things like, you know, if you go on the same swimming pool or If you eat food, you know you'll get AIDS with someone else. So all of that's completely untrue. And, but this is the stuff that that that Bruce was having to deal with. And Bruce, not only did these, this roadshow, but also went on to national media in talked really passionately about safer sex practices. So along with us on this road trip that Bruce was doing, he was also with other people forming the aid support network, which was established, it was a community driven network, and it was there to offer support to people. So that was being formed in 1984. So Bruce worked right up until a couple of weeks before he died. So he finished work in May 1985. And he died in the first of June 1985 at the age of 30. And so this year would be his 35th anniversary of his death. But remarkable that he worked right up until pretty much up until he passed away. [00:40:18] After his passing the aid support network got funding from the Ministry of Health. And this is where the New Zealand AIDS Foundation was born. And so the aid support network morphed into the New Zealand AIDS Foundation. And it's really lovely that the ATM nation still has the name of Bruce on the brunette clinic up in Auckland. Just the getting back to like the lesbian library on the second floor. Now that was built in with that that was established in 1994. It's been in a variety of locations. It's completely volunteer, laden run It is the largest single, accessible collection of lesbian articles and books in New Zealand and it's remarkable that as a collective, it's been able to go since 1984 which is which is really fantastic. Okay, we are going to next stop now, in our next stop is just a bit further up Willow Street, we're at the red dot and we're going across to the yellow dots, which is just a bit north. [00:41:33] So this is the wood street village, which was designed in the late 1970s by the Wellington architect Roger Walker. It was the fourth and final location for the Dorian society. Now we've mentioned the dorians just a little bit earlier. The Dorian society he occupied a space just to the back you can't quite see it from this image at the top left hand corner and it was there until, from when the village opened to the Dorian society closed in 1988. The Dorian society was established in 1962, and it was the first New Zealand organization for homosexual men. Although homosexuality wasn't mentioned in the club rules or minutes. Its objective was to promote, among its members an honest desire to serve the development of friendship, mutual respect, and tolerance and all aspects. But it was primarily a private social club that avoided political action. But in 1963, I took the first steps in New Zealand towards Law Reform by forming a legal subcommittee that collected books and other resources, and directly from this was formed and Zealand homosexual Law Reform society. Now the Dorian club had a number of different locations around Wellington, including our lamps and key down by a cable car lane. It had an all male pole For some time, at least beans couldn't be members or even guests at the beginning, but by the time it was here at the wall street village, it was open to all members. Also in the Wall Street village, was a lesbian owned and operated private club called outrage. And it was here from 1991 until 1993. So now let's move to our second to last stop. [00:43:24] seconds. Last stop. Yes, two more stops. Yep. And here we are on the red dots. And we're going just up to the yellow dot. Now that is where the majestic center is now. And that's the short of the Street View. So what we're actually going to be talking about is one the pawn house which is this lovely wooden building on the corner in the center of the shot. But also about boycott chambers and boycott chambers. no longer exists, but it was a real a real magnet. And a hub for rainbow activism in the 70s and 80s. And in this shot, we have the pollen house which is now on the corner but was originally a bit further up the street that's on the left. And then on the right we have boycott chambers. In both chambers had a whole variety of rainbow community organizations. It was the site of the Women's Resource Center, the hecate women's health collective and the gay community center. On the third floor was the lesbian Center, which was the first of its kind in New Zealand it was set up and live in the 1980s and also on the third floor with the lesbian and gay rights Resource Center. So the purpose of the Resource Center was to gather information around fantasy for war form, around health, legal issues, our human rights, and ns is just as a way of collecting and disseminating information and also being a hub. activist activity. So not only was about hub, it was also a target for arson, and it was targeted twice for arson once in October 1985. And that was before homosexual Law Reform have passed. And this image here is actually from the 11th of September 1986. And it shows for Parkinson, who also was involved in setting up the aid support network. And Phil was involved with the Resource Center and walking through the damage and disaster was done. The asmus were never found and they tweaked feg onto the wooden floor before they leave. So there was an idea of, you know, what was what was annoying them? [00:45:56] Well, the old wouldn't house which we've seen the back of there was the Poland house as we mentioned, it was moved down to the corner of the site there just after law reform. In the late 1980s. The house was then adopted Poland, and it was his home and surgery. He actually died there in 1918 after contracting influenza during the influenza pandemic, following the First World War. And Dr. Poland was the Wellington port health officer and he is believed to contract with the virus while inspecting overseas ships in Wellington harbor. His wife Catherine had died earlier in 1894. But he lived in the house here with his two daughters Dorothy and iffy if he was born in 1879, and was mainly remembered as men remember these days for her long term relationship with the famous New Zealand part is Sheila Bethel, that religion Plastic over 30 years. He's a lovely photo of Sula, [00:47:04] and cat. It's a very large, very large cat. [00:47:07] So the two bits in London a nice and 105 and they lived overseas for many years not returning to New Zealand to live until they were in their 40s when Poland returned to New Zealand before follows, and there's a suggestion that for a time they might have lived together in the Poland house there on the corner of Willis and broke up streets. But certainly by 1919, they were living together in Christchurch at a place called rise cottage and here's a great image of the interior of rise cottage, if he kept house and supported Ursula so that this unit could rise. And in fact before wrote most of her poetry during this period, describing the home and garden and life together, and before called polit, who lives will Raven. Even though they live together, they were at pains to travel separate on public transport so as not to arouse suspicion. Now while they guarded their privacy they did invite friends to visit including members of the rainbow community like artists toss walleston and the poet Charles brash, and Walter dassey. Chris will. Now a few days after people's birthday, your 60th birthday Poland complained of severe headaches and so she went to bed and sadly died there. Three days later have a brain hemorrhage. That a stroke before right openly of her grief for Poland and letters and and six Memorial poems that were written on the anniversaries of Poland's death. In the sixth, Poland, Poland have six poem, the final one called spring 1940. She asks God to match spring with vision, spirit of beauty, bring with your persuasive love to the inward eye awakening list looking on this life to count what time has taken I cannot be the pain to say that if he is buried and Curie symmetry and also quite sadly, I think Ursula is buried not with Effie, but buried in North Canterbury. [00:49:18] Just before we leave this kind of area, I just want to show you one really interesting photograph we found when we were working out the store. But to do that, we just need to skip location a little bit. So we're at the red dot, and we're going to cross over to the west of us kind of this is going to carrot corner which is literally just across the road. And here we are. So the red.is obviously the porn house and the yellow.is parents corner. And the interesting thing when we started doing this tour, was that we came across a photograph from the 1860s and Just remember with that yellow doctors now, we'll go to the 1860s. And we're on the yellow dots. So the doctors pierrots corner. And what struck us about this photograph was how close you are to the waterfront. Literally, you're just a block away from Wellington harbor. If you know Wellington, you'll know that it's already been installed over the last 100 years, and so we're there is water in that photograph. We now have things like civic square, to popper, Public Library Public Library, and it's just quite remarkable to see the the kind of natural harbor in in 1860 as well. We're going to go to our last stop now. And [00:50:53] we've already been thanked we finished it. [00:50:58] You can't leave [00:51:01] Still got one more stop. No stop. Don't leave us. [00:51:07] Okay, last stop is right here. We're going from parents corner the red dots to the yellow dot, which is on Victoria and ministries and the building we're talking about is we're that Amazon search building as the now. [00:51:26] So [00:51:30] that site was the site of one of Henry Britain's pharmacies now Henry Britain arrived in Wellington from Auckland in the 1870s with his family. He established a number of pharmacies around Wellington, one of Lampton key and then this one was called the TR o dispensary in 1876. It was affectionately known as the pillbox because it had an octagonal shape and you can't really see the octagon shape in This photo, but if you see one as sort of a modern photo looking down there you can see it's this water triangle up. It has a few more slides than the triangle. And that interesting shape gave us nickname the pillbox. Now if you popped in there for a medicinal remedy, you may well have spoken to a young Robert Gant who was Britain's apprentice there for four years. Before he moved to Masterton. In 1882. Robert Gant loved photography and theater. He also had a long career as a female impersonator taking the stage name. sisal riverton. sisal is on the right ference photo notice [00:52:39] the [00:52:42] Evening Post I should say I've even posted what I want to say. The cleat system was achieving a pronounced success on the part of little bat cap in the 1881 production of HMS pinafore. [00:52:54] But I think it's some will probably it's Roberts photography from the late 1800s That still really does resonate with us today. So Roberts visual interests included young men, sailors shoes. Here's a bit of a thing for execution scenarios. So at the time, the were, there was a thing about beheadings and theatrical beginnings, which were, were interesting. He moved up to around the Masters an area just north of Wellington. This is the 1880s 1890s. And these are some photographs that that he took. So as a chemist, he could develop his own photography. This is an image with actually Robert being in the center is the one resting his head on on on the head. There's another image here, Robert is the one being kissed so robots, not the one with the head, but just really unambiguous imagery. I look for that time when you think this is real. New Zealand in the 1880s, and 1890s. And here are a lovely couple of images of Charlie hay. And so Charlie, he was the son of the great town butcher. And not only did he get photographed by Robert, but they developed in his relationship. And in 1905, around 1905, they moved back to Wellington, and actually lived in C soon in Wellington for over 25 years together. And one of the really lovely things with this story is that all these images come from two photo albums that Robert kept, and then they were passed on to Charlie, and through Charlie, they were passed through the hay family, and subsequently ultimately deposited with the Alexander tubal library here in Wellington. So it's that wonderful kind of going down through the fence. being passed to a national institution. And you think of all the moments in time when those photographs could have been destroyed. The album's could have been thrown out. But they weren't in the images were taken in. That's a wonderful entry into rural New Zealand 1880s in terms of our kind of our rainbow heritage, and what a lovely kind of place to end. And this is the end. This is the end. Thank you. Thank you so much for for sticking with us over the last 15 minutes. We really hope that you've enjoyed this tour through Wellington. We are doing these on a monthly basis. We've got a number of tools that we do. And our next tour is going to be on Sunday, the seventh of June at one o'clock and we're going to be doing the violence walk. I think it's the violent walk tour. We're going from Parliament down To the terrorists and then down onto the waterfront. So I'm quite different stories, please feel free to, to join us. And again, these will be available on YouTube after the live stream as well so that they can be shared and commented on, if you have any suggestions, and please feel free to get in contact with us [00:56:21] at walks@tala.ns ID and just one final Thank you. Yeah, thanks very much. Hope to see you soon. And thank you to [00:56:30] Ellis Laurie and he's probably [00:56:31] gonna make the thing is [00:56:34] as well as thanking you, because Dr. Ellison Laurie and Shuang for the research. [00:56:40] So thank you have a lovely afternoon. Really looking forward to hear cup happens this week. [00:56:46] You might say you might have a lovely afternoon. Bye

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