Historical Events pre 1900

9 Nov 1795(James) Miranda Steuart Barry is born (Ireland)
Links: Wikipedia
3 Nov 1802Missionary William Yate is born (Shropshire, United Kingdom)
Links: Wikipedia, Te Ara
26 Feb 1817Feminist and businesswoman Mary Taylor is born (Yorkshire, United Kingdom)
Taylor was a life-long friend and some say lover of writer Charlotte Bronte.
Links: Te Ara, GayNZ.net
4 Dec 1835Writer Samuel Butler is born (Nottinghamshire, United Kingdom)
Links: Wikipedia, GayNZ.net, Te Ara
Dec 1836Missionary William Yate leaves New Zealand (New Zealand)
Yate leaves for England after an inquiry into allegations of sexual activity with some of his male pupils.
Links: Te Ara
1838Charles Paine Pauli is born (Germany)
Pauli later had a relationship with writer Samuel Butler.
Links: Wikipedia, GayNZ.net, Te Ara, Papers Past
6 Feb 1840The Treaty of Waitangi is signed (Waitangi, New Zealand)
New Zealand becomes part of the British Empire. This in turn makes homosexual acts illegal and punishable by death.
Links: NZ History
24 Jul 1845Mary Taylor arrives in New Zealand (New Zealand)
Taylor is a life-long friend and some say lover of writer Charlotte Bronte. She returns to England in 1860.
Links: Te Ara, GayNZ.net
2 Apr 1854Photographer Robert Gant is born (United Kingdom)
Gant is born in Woolwich (now Greater London). At the age of 21 he immigrates to Wellington, New Zealand.
16 Oct 1854Writer Oscar Wilde is born (United Kingdom)
Links: Wikipedia
18 May 1859Confidence trickster Amy Bock is born (Tasmania, Australia)
Links: Te Ara
26 Sep 1860Photographer Henry Winkelmann is born (Yorkshire, United Kingdom)
Links: Te Ara, Auckland War Memorial Museum
1861The United Kingdom's death penalty for buggery is abolished (United Kingdom)
However, male homosexual acts still remain illegal and are punishable by imprisonment.
Links: Wikipedia
12 Sep 1861Painter Dorothy Richmond is born (Auckland, New Zealand)
Links: Te Ara
Sep 1863Writer Samuel Butler begins a relationship with Charles Paine Pauli (Christchurch, New Zealand)
Links: Wikipedia, GayNZ.net, Te Ara, Papers Past
25 Jul 1865James Miranda Steuart Barry dies (London, United Kingdom)
Links: Wikipedia
17 Jul 1867Hon Major Richardson introduces the Offences Against the Person Bill (1867) (New Zealand)
The Bill states that a person convicted of sodomy can be imprisoned for life and anyone convicted of attempted buggery or an indecent assault on a male can serve up to ten years imprisonment (Offences Against the Person Act 1867 / Unnatural Offences, 58-60).
Links: Early NZ Statutes, Hansard
10 Oct 1867The Offences Against the Person Act (1867) is enacted (New Zealand)
The Act says that a person convicted of sodomy can be imprisoned for life and anyone convicted of attempted buggery or an indecent assault on a male can serve up to ten years imprisonment (refer Unnatural Offences, 58-60).
Links: Early NZ Statutes, Hansard
14 May 1868Physician and sexologist Magnus Hirschfeld is born
Links: Wikipedia
14 Sep 1868Alexander Turnbull is born (Wellington, New Zealand)
During his life Turnbull collected a wide variety of manuscripts and documents. He later donated his collection to the country - forming the basis of the Alexander Turnbull Library.
Links: Te Ara, GayNZ.net
28 Apr 1869Painter Frances Hodgkins is born
Links: Te Ara, PrideNZ.com
6 Oct 1874Poet Ursula Bethell is born
Links: Te Ara, PrideNZ.com
1875Eugenia Falleni (a.k.a Harry Crawford) is born (Italy)
Falleni lived as a man, married Annie Birkett and was subsequently convicted of murdering her in 1920 in Australia. Born in Italy, Falleni had moved to Wellington, New Zealand in 1877. In 1996 Lorae Parry wrote Eugenia a play based on Falleni's life.
Links: Wikipedia
29 Jun 1875Charles Mackay is born (Nelson, New Zealand)
Mackay later became the mayor of Wanganui
Links: Te Ara, GayNZ.net
Jul 1876Robert Gant arrives in Wellington (Wellington, New Zealand)
Gant emigrates from the United Kingdom
26 Jul 1877William Yate dies
Links: Te Ara
17 Jun 1882Plastic surgeon Harold Gillies is born (Dunedin, New Zealand)
Gillies is widely considered the father of plastic and gender reassignment surgery.
Links: Wikipedia
16 Sep 1882Mountaineer Freda Du Faur is born (Sydney, Australia)
Links: Sydney Morning Herald, Te Ara
1885The buggery law in the United Kingdom is extended to include any kind of sexual activity between males (United Kingdom)
(Criminal Law Amendment Act 1885)
Links: Wikipedia
30 Apr 1886Amy Bock is convicted of obtaining goods by false pretences (Christchurch, New Zealand)
Links: Papers Past
14 Oct 1888Writer Katherine Mansfield (nee Beauchamp) is born (Wellington, New Zealand)
Links: Te Ara, PrideNZ
10 Apr 1890Maata Mahupuku is born (New Zealand)
Mahupuku was later a lover of Katherine Mansfield.
Links: Te Ara
1 Mar 1893Mary Taylor dies (Yorkshire, United Kingdom)
Links: Te Ara
19 Sep 1893New Zealand becomes the first country in the world to grant women the right to vote in parliamentary elections (New Zealand)
Links: NZ History, Papers Past
6 Oct 1893The Criminal Code Act 1893 is enacted (New Zealand)
The Act outlaws any sexual activity between men (even if it's consensual). Penalties include life imprisonment, hard labour and flogging (refer Crimes Against Morality, 136-139).
Links: Early New Zealand Statutes
6 Apr 1895Oscar Wilde is arrested (London, United Kingdom)
Links: Papers Past, Wikipedia
26 May 1895Oscar Wilde is convicted of gross indecency and sentenced to two years hard labour (London, United Kingdom)
Links: Papers Past, Wikipedia
22 Jan 1896Poet Walter D'Arcy Cresswell is born (Christchurch, New Zealand)
Cresswell was later shot by Charles Mackay, mayor of Wanganui
Links: Te Ara, GayNZ.net
1897Charles Paine Pauli dies (London, United Kingdom)
Pauli had a relationship with writer Samuel Butler.
Links: Wikipedia, GayNZ.net, Te Ara, Papers Past
14 May 1897Magnus Hirschfeld founds the Scientific-Humanitarian Committee (Berlin, Germany)
The Committee was formed to campaign for social recognition of gay, bisexual and transgender men and women, and against their legal persecution. It was the first LGBT rights organisation in history.
Links: Wikipedia
2 Dec 1897Writer and educator Rewi Alley is born (Canterbury region, New Zealand)
Links: Wikipedia, Te Ara
2 May 1898Lawyer and social reformer Frank Haigh is born (Lower Hutt, New Zealand)
Among other things Haigh was prominent in the cause of homosexual law reform.
Links: Te Ara