Historical Events - Organisations

14 May 1897Magnus Hirschfeld founds the Scientific-Humanitarian Committee (Berlin, Germany)
The Committee was formed to campaign for social recognition of gay, bisexual and transgender men and women, and against their legal persecution. It was the first LGBT rights organisation in history.
Links: Wikipedia
1919The Institut fur Sexualwissenschaft (Institute of Sexology) opens (Berlin, Germany)
The Institute is an early private sexology research institute headed by Magnus Hirschfeld.
Links: Wikipedia
10 Dec 1924The Society for Human Rights is formed (Chicago, United States of America)
The Society is the oldest documented homosexual organisation in the USA.
Links: Wikipedia
11 Nov 1950The first meeting of the Mattachine Society is held (Los Angeles, United States of America)
The Mattachine Society is one of the earliest homophile organisations in the USA.
Links: Wikipedia, LAGANZ
Oct 1955The Daughters of Bilitis is formed (San Francisco, United States of America)
The Daughters of Bilitis is the first known lesbian rights organisation in the USA.
Links: Wikipedia
1962The Dorian Society is formed (Wellington, New Zealand)
The Society is the first documented organisation for homosexual men in New Zealand.
Links: Wikipedia
1963The Dorian Society forms a legal subcommittee to work towards homosexual law reform (New Zealand)
1964The Purple Onion opens (Wellington, New Zealand)
Pasi Daniels (a.k.a. Pasi Tunupopo) returns to Wellington after performing at Les Girls and the Purple Onion in Sydney to open Wellington's first drag revue club.
Links: Stuff
17 Apr 1967The Wolfenden Association is formed (New Zealand)
The Association is soon renamed the New Zealand Homosexual Law Reform Society.
1969Aquarius Inc. is formed (Auckland, New Zealand)
The social group is established in the late 1960s (exact date unknown).
1970The Society for Promotion of Community Standards is formed (New Zealand)
The Society is a conservative Judeo-Christian lobby group who oppose, among other things, the promotion of equal rights for lesbians and gays. The Society was founded by Patricia Bartlett, a former nun.
Links: Wikipedia
1971The KG (Kamp Girls) Club is formed (Auckland, New Zealand)
The KG is a social club for lesbians held in private homes.
1972The group Gay Liberation Front Christchurch is formed (Christchurch, New Zealand)
1972The group Gay Liberation Front Victoria University of Wellington is formed (Wellington, New Zealand)
1972The University Gay Liberation Auckland group is formed (Auckland, New Zealand)
The group diverged from Gay Liberation Auckland.
1972The University of Canterbury Gay Activists Society is formed (Christchurch, New Zealand)
The group is later renamed Gay University Students' Society (GUSS).
May 1972The group Gay Liberation Front Auckland is formed (Auckland, New Zealand)
The group is later renamed Gay Liberation Auckland Inc.
1973The group Sisters for Homophile Equality (SHE) Canterbury Inc. is formed (Christchurch, New Zealand)
S.H.E. was one of the earliest specifically lesbian groups to emerge from Gay Liberation.
1973The group Sisters for Homophile Equality (SHE) Wellington is formed (Wellington, New Zealand)
1973The University of Canterbury Gay Activists' Society is formed (Christchurch, New Zealand)
1973The Victoria University Feminist Group is formed (Wellington, New Zealand)
Mar 1973The Gay-Aid phone counseling service is formed (Wellington, New Zealand)
Nov 1973The group Rotorua Gay Liberation Front is formed (Rotorua, New Zealand)
1974Gay Liberation Front Victoria University of Wellington ends (Wellington, New Zealand)
1974Herstory Press is formed (Wellington, New Zealand)
1974The Women's Centre opens (Christchurch, New Zealand)
The Centre is established by radical feminists, members of SHE and the Socialist Action League.
Mar 1974Gay Feminist Collective is formed (New Zealand)
Mar 1974Gay Liberation Nelson is formed (Nelson, New Zealand)
Mar 1974The Lesbian Club is formed (Wellington, New Zealand)
1975Auckland Gay Welfare Group is formed (Auckland, New Zealand)
The group later becomes the Auckland Gay/Lesbian Welfare Group (circa 1984).
1975Club 69 is formed (New Zealand)
The social club was established circa 1975 (exact date unknown).
1975Gay Liberation Front Taranaki (GLT) is formed (Taranaki region, New Zealand)
GLT is later renamed Taranaki Gay Society.
1975The Campaign for Homosexual Equality (CHE) is formed (Christchurch, New Zealand)
In 1980 CHE moved its operations to Wellington.
May 1975The Dorian Society Christchurch is formed (Christchurch, New Zealand)
1976Befriend is formed (Christchurch, New Zealand)
The group was earlier known as Gays-An and was one of the earliest counseling services in Christchurch.
1976Daybreak, New Zealand's first feminist bookshop opens (Dunedin, New Zealand)
1976Eros Northland is formed (Whangarei, New Zealand)
The social group was provisionally named The 'G' Club.
1976Gay Teachers and Students Union is formed (Christchurch, New Zealand)
The Union is later renamed Gays in Education in 1981.
20 Oct 1976The National Gay Rights Coalition is formed (New Zealand)
The coalition comes out of the fifth National Gay and Lesbian Conference held in Wellington.
1977Gay Liberation Auckland Inc. ends (Auckland, New Zealand)
1977National Gay Rights Coalition Resource Centre opens (Wellington, New Zealand)
The Centre later becomes the Lesbian and Gay Rights Resource Centre.
1977The Alliance group is formed (Otago region, New Zealand)
The group later becomes the Otago Gay Equality Society in May 1978.
1977Wanganui Gay Rights Group is formed (Whanganui, New Zealand)
8 Jan 1977A meeting is held to set up the National Gay Rights Coalition of New Zealand (New Zealand)
Feb 1977The Auckland Gay Social Club is formed (Auckland, New Zealand)
The club later becomes the Laetus Social Club in March 1978.
Feb 1977The social Hawkes Bay Gay Society is formed (Hawke's Bay region, New Zealand)
Mar 1977Christchurch Women's Liberation Collective is formed (Christchurch, New Zealand)
Apr 1977Lesbians Ignite Fire Brigade is formed (Wellington, New Zealand)
May 1977The Lesbian Club ends (Wellington, New Zealand)
Aug 1977Manawatu Gay Rights Association (MAGRA) is formed (Palmerston North, New Zealand)
The Association is later renamed Manawatu Lesbian and Gay Rights Association (MALGRA). It is New Zealand's longest running LGBTI rainbow rights and social organisation.
Links: NZ.com, LAGANZ
1978Auckland Gay Rights Activists is formed (Auckland, New Zealand)
1978Gay Liberation Front Christchurch ends (Christchurch, New Zealand)
1978Gay Rights of Waikato is formed (Waikato region, New Zealand)
1978The social Victoria Club is formed (Wellington, New Zealand)
1978The Taranaki Gay Society is formed (Taranaki region, New Zealand)
The Society grew out of Gay Liberation Taranaki.
Mar 1978The Laetus Social Club is formed (Auckland, New Zealand)
The Club grew out of the Auckland Gay Social Club.
1979Breathing Space, a coming-out group for lesbians is formed (Wellington, New Zealand)
1979Gay Switchboard is formed (Wellington, New Zealand)
1979Help End Repressive Attitudes (HERA) is formed (Dunedin, New Zealand)
HERA is a support group for lesbians.
1979The Gay Community Centre opens (Wellington, New Zealand)
The Centre is located at 6 Boulcott Street.
Links: LAGANZ
1979The Gay Health Workers Alliance is formed (New Zealand)
1979The Otago Gay Support Group is formed (Otago region, New Zealand)
1979The Otago University Gay Rights Society is formed (Otago region, New Zealand)
1979The Taranaki Gay Society ends (Taranaki region, New Zealand)
1979The Women's Resource Centre opens (Wellington, New Zealand)
The Centre is located at 6 Boulcott Street.
May 1979The Nelson Gay Welfare group is formed (Nelson, New Zealand)
Links: LAGANZ
Aug 1979Geyserland Gay Club is formed (Rotorua, New Zealand)
Dec 1979Nelson Gay Society is formed (Nelson, New Zealand)
The Society grew out of the Nelson Gay Welfare Group.
1980Gay Liberation Wellington ends (Wellington, New Zealand)
1980Gays In Education is formed (Auckland, New Zealand)
It is later renamed to Gays and Lesbians are Everywhere in Education (GLEE).
1980Lesbian Action for Visibility in Aotearoa (LAVA) is formed (New Zealand)
The lesbian feminist separatist group is formed in the 1980s (specific date unknown).
1980The Gay Health Workers Alliance ends (New Zealand)
1980The Gay Information Centre is established (Christchurch, New Zealand)
1980The group Auckland Gay Rights Activists ends (Auckland, New Zealand)
1980The group Gay Rights of Waikato ends (Waikato region, New Zealand)
1980The Lesbian Legal Advisory Committee is formed (New Zealand)
1980The Lesbian Mothers' Defence Fund is formed (New Zealand)
1980The Network Group is formed to oppose the Warren Freer Bill (New Zealand)
Feb 1980The Auckland Gay Task Force is formed (Auckland, New Zealand)
The group is formed as a result of the Westside Sauna raid.
Links: LAGANZ
Mar 1980The Lesbian Centre opens (Wellington, New Zealand)
The Centre is located at 6 Boulcott Street.
Jul 1980The Gay Information Centre opens (Christchurch, New Zealand)
1981The Otago Gay Support group ends (Otago region, New Zealand)
1981The Waxing Moon archive begins in Hamilton (Hamilton, New Zealand)
1981The Women's Place bookshop opens (Wellington, New Zealand)
The bookshop is located in Cuba Street.
1981The Young Gays Group is formed (Auckland, New Zealand)
The group is formed circa 1981 and works closely with the University Gays Group.
1981The Young Lesbian and Gay group is formed (Auckland, New Zealand)
1981University Gay Liberation Auckland ends (Auckland, New Zealand)
Sep 1981Lesbians and Gays Against Racism is formed during the campaign against the Springbok rugby tour (New Zealand)
1982Daybreak - New Zealand's first feminist bookshop closes (New Zealand)
Jan 1982The group Gays in Education ends (New Zealand)
Apr 1982Mobilisation for the Opening of Parliament is formed (New Zealand)
Aug 1983The Gay and Lesbian Information Centre is formed (Dunedin, New Zealand)
It is later absorbed by the Otago Gay and Lesbian Welfare Council in 1984.
12 Dec 1983The Laetus Social Club ends (New Zealand)
1984The National Gay Rights Coalition of New Zealand ends (New Zealand)
1984The Otago Lesbian and Gay Welfare Council is formed (Otago region, New Zealand)
1984The Wanganui Gay Rights Group ends (Whanganui, New Zealand)
1 Jun 1984The AIDS Support Network is established (New Zealand)
The Network has branches throughout the country, including Auckland. The Wellington branch is established by Bruce Burnett, Phil Parkinson, Bill Logan and possibly others.
Links: GayNZ.net, LAGANZ
1 Sep 1984The Wellington Gay Task Force is formed (Wellington, New Zealand)
The group is formed by John McDavitt, Bill Logan and others.
Links: LAGANZ (1), LAGANZ (2)
6 Nov 1984The Christchurch Gay Task Force is formed (Christchurch, New Zealand)
Links: LAGANZ
10 Nov 1984The Auckland Gay Task Force is reformed to campaign for homosexual law reform (Auckland, New Zealand)
The main spokesperson for the group is Peter Wall.
Links: LAGANZ (1), LAGANZ (2)
1985The Dunedin Gay Task Force is formed (Dunedin, New Zealand)
1985The Gisborne Gay Task Force is formed (Gisborne, New Zealand)
The Task Force consisted of Trevor Lawler and Chris Piesse who who left the area in the face of anti-gay discrimination and harassment.
1985The Greater Auckland Business Association (GABA) is formed (Auckland, New Zealand)
The Association later renames to the Gay Auckland Business Association.
1985The group Accept: Human Rights for Homosexuals is formed (Nelson, New Zealand)
1985The group Campaign for Tolerance is formed (Auckland, New Zealand)
The largely heterosexual group is set up to support the homosexual law reform campaign.
Jan 1985The Hawke's Bay Gay Society ends (Hawke's Bay region, New Zealand)
18 Mar 1985The AIDS Support Network becomes a charitable trust (New Zealand)
The name is changed to the AIDS Support Network Trust.
Links: LAGANZ, GayNZ.net
21 Mar 1985The Salvation Army announces it will administer the anti-homosexual law reform petition (New Zealand)
Links: LAGANZ
26 May 1985The media reports claims that Gay visibility week has resulted in harassment (New Zealand)
18 Jun 1985The group Heterosexuals Unafraid of Gays (HUG) is formed (New Zealand)
The group is set up to support the homosexual law reform campaign.
Links: LAGANZ
Sep 1985The New Zealand AIDS Foundation is formed (New Zealand)
The Foundation grows out of the AIDS Support Network, after receiving a Government grant in April 1985.
11 Jul 1986The Burnett Clinic is opened by Health Minister Dr Michael Bassett (Auckland, New Zealand)
The Burnett Clinic is named after Bruce Burnett and is the first HIV AIDS clinic in New Zealand.
1987The New Zealand Homosexual Law Reform Society ends (New Zealand)
The Society's files are donated to the Lesbian and Gay Rights Resource Centre.
1988The Dorian Society ends (Wellington, New Zealand)
1 Dec 1988The New Zealand AIDS Memorial Quilt is launched on World AIDS Day (Wellington, New Zealand)
Inspired by the NAMES Project, the New Zealand quilt is established by the People With AIDS Collective. The first panel is presented by Daniel Fielding for his partner Peter Cuthbert who had died in October 1988.
Links: NZ AIDS Memorial Quilt
1989The Auckland Gay Men's Health Group is formed (Auckland, New Zealand)
1989The Gay and Lesbian Community Centre opens (Wellington, New Zealand)
The Centre utilises space at the Evergreen Coffee Lounge.
1989The social group Spectrum is formed (Nelson, New Zealand)
Links: Spectrum, LAGANZ
1989The Women's Place bookshop closes (Wellington, New Zealand)
24 Feb 1989The Lesbian Club ends (Wellington, New Zealand)
The Club ends for the third time.
Jun 1989The group GLAD is formed (Hamilton, New Zealand)
The group is formed to work for anti-discrimination, including the broadening of the Human Rights Act.
Sep 1989The Gay Motorbike Club is formed (New Zealand)
It soon became the Mercury Motorbike Club.
22 Jun 1990The Gay Community Centre closes (Wellington, New Zealand)
1992The Lesbian and Gay Archives of New Zealand (LAGANZ) trust is established (Wellington, New Zealand)
The initial core of the collections goes back to an initiative of the National Gay Rights Coalition in 1977. It developed into a research library and archives known as the Lesbian and Gay Rights Resource Centre which was placed in the care of a trust in 1984. In 1988, to ensure the collections a secure home, the trustees made an agreement with the Alexander Turnbull Library in Wellington for their permanent accommodation.
Links: LAGANZ
25 Nov 1992The Hero Charitable Trust Incorporated is established (Auckland, New Zealand)
The Trust's vision was: A community which, through creative expression and celebration: learns to love, care and support itself. The Trust's kaupapa was: HERO seeks to serve a community characterised by love - the love of a man for a man - the love of a woman for a woman. That service finds expression through creativity and celebration. Through the activities of Hero the mana, health and pride of our community will be strengthened.
Links: Hero.org.nz
17 Apr 1993The first national conference of the New Zealand [AIDS] Quilt Project takes place (Auckland, New Zealand)
The conference is attended by committee members, volunteers and regional coordinators.
Links: New Zealand AIDS Memorial Quilt
Jan 1994Buddies - New Zealand's first gay massage parlour opens (Wellington, New Zealand)
17 Sep 1994The Lesbian Information, Library and Archives Centre (LILAC) opens (Wellington, New Zealand)
The Centre is for women-oriented women and holds the largest accessible collection of lesbian books and other materials in New Zealand.
Links: LILAC
Oct 1995Gays and Lesbians in University Employment at Victoria University of Wellington (GLUE-VUW) is established (Wellington, New Zealand)
The group is set up by Victoria University staff.
Links: NZ.com
22 Feb 1996The Gay Association of Professionals (GAP) is formed in Wellington (Wellington, New Zealand)
The Association changes its name to Rainbow Wellington in the mid-2000s.
Links: Queer History NZ, LAGANZ
19 Apr 1996The Pride Centre opens at its new premises (Auckland, New Zealand)
The Centre is located at 33 Wyndham Street,between Albert and Hobson St, inside the Peoples Centre.
Links: NZ.com (1), NZ.com (2)
Aug 1996Gays and Lesbians in Business (GLIB) is formed (Christchurch, New Zealand)
Links: Queer History
Oct 1996The building that housed Club 47 is demolished (New Plymouth, New Zealand)
The building also used be the home of the Shelias Arms in 1992.
Links: Fiona Clark
7 May 1997The world's first Intersex Centre opens (Wellington, New Zealand)
The Intersex Society of New Zealand (Aotearoa) is founded by Mani Bruce Mitchell
22 Oct 1998New Zealand Navy announces a gay-friendly policy (New Zealand)
It includes the issuing of pink triangle stickers to identify "safe places"
21 Aug 2002The Hero Incorporated Society is wound up. (Auckland, United States of America)
The Society was responsible for Auckland's Hero parties and parade.
Links: Queer News Aotearoa
20 Sep 2002Countrymen's Institute sauna closes. (Auckland, New Zealand)
The sauna was established in 1988 by Glen Morris and Lawson Bracewell.
Links: Gay NZ
2003The Nayland Alliance of Gays and Straights (NAGS) is formed at Nayland College (Nelson, New Zealand)
2005The Samoa Fa'afafine Association is formed (Samoa)
The Association is founded by So'oalo To'oto'oali'i Roger Stanley.
10 Feb 2005The New Zealand AIDS Foundation comes out in support of the Human Rights (Gender Identity) Amendment Bill (2004) (New Zealand)
NZAF Executive Director Rachael Le Mesurier said that "safe sex is a self-care behaviour that is enhanced when people feel that they belong to, and are accepted by, their communities and society at large. Legal protection against discrimination will go a long way toward achieving that."
Links: Scoop
Oct 2006The Human Rights Commission launches an inquiry into discrimination experienced by transgender people (New Zealand)
The inquiry is a world first by a national human rights institution. It results in the publication of To Be Who I Am/Kia noho au ki toku ano ao in January 2008.
Links: Human Rights Commission
Jan 2008The Human Rights Commission publishes To Be Who I Am/Kia noho au ki toku ano ao (New Zealand)
The inquiry into discrimination experienced by transgender people is a world first by a national human rights institution.
Links: Human Rights Commission
13 Feb 2008The Awhina Centre opens at Level 1, 187 Willis Street (Wellington, New Zealand)
31 Aug 2013A quiz night raises $1,500 for the new Body Positive office in Wellington. (Wellington, New Zealand)
Links: Gay NZ
7 Jun 2017PPTA calls for gender-neutral uniforms and toilets be introduced into schools (New Zealand)
The Taranaki Daily News reports that in its latest voluntary guidelines, the Post Primary Teachers' Association (PPTA) calls for gender-neutral uniforms and toilets be introduced into schools.
Links: Stuff.co.nz
23 Jul 2017Auckland Pastor Logan Robertson calls for gay people to be shot (Auckland, New Zealand)
During a sermon at the Westcity Bible Bapist Church, Past Robertson states he isn't against homosexuals getting married "as long as a bullet goes through their head the moment they kiss...that's what should happen". Excerpts of the video sermon are then uploaded to Youtube.
Links: NZ Herald, PrideNZ
28 Oct 2017Aunty Danas Op Shop opens (Wellington, New Zealand)
The shop is located in the community centre at 128 Abel Smith Street. The shop raises funds for the national takataapui, transgender, and intersex organisation Gender Minorities Aotearoa.
Links: Aunty Danas
17 May 2018The Human Rights Commission joins with the Rainbow NZ Parliamentary Network to commit to twice-yearly community hui (New Zealand)
Commissioner Dr Jackie Blue said "these hui will alternate between Auckland and Wellington every six months, providing a space for the community's voices to be heard by Rainbow leaders in Parliament."
Links: Human Rights Commission