Historical Events in October

Oct 1955The Daughters of Bilitis is formed (San Francisco, United States of America)
The Daughters of Bilitis is the first known lesbian rights organisation in the USA.
Links: Wikipedia
Oct 1977A National Gay Rights Coalition conference is held (New Zealand)
Oct 1980The National Gay Rights Coalition of New Zealand is published (New Zealand)
The publication is a mail-out to members of minutes of a meeting of the Coalition's executive, held in Wellington on 27 and 28 September.
Links: WorldCat
Oct 1984The media report that a non-hospitalised person with HIV AIDS is living in Wellington (Wellington, New Zealand)
Links: LAGANZ
Oct 1988A national hui for Maori lesbians is held (New Zealand)
Oct 1988Television commercial: Department of Health - pamphlet going out to every household about AIDS (New Zealand)
Ref C5587.
Links: Nga Taonga Sound and Vision
Oct 1988Television commercial: Department of Health safe sex advert (New Zealand)
No One Ever Died of Embarrassment, ref C3118.
Links: Nga Taonga Sound and Vision
Oct 1988Television commercial: Department of Health safe sex advert (New Zealand)
AIDS - pool room, ref C3119.
Links: Nga Taonga Sound and Vision
Oct 1988Television commercial: Department of Health safe sex advert (New Zealand)
Glen has AIDS. The advert notes that there are currently 81 cases of AIDS in New Zealand, ref C3120.
Links: Nga Taonga Sound and Vision
Oct 1992The Lesbian, Gay and Christian National Conference is held (New Zealand)
The theme of the conference is sexism and heterosexism.
Links: LAGANZ
Oct 1995Gays and Lesbians in University Employment at Victoria University of Wellington (GLUE-VUW) is established (Wellington, New Zealand)
The group is set up by Victoria University staff.
Links: NZ.com
Oct 1995The Queer News Aotearoa (QNA) website begins (New Zealand)
Links: QNA
Oct 1996The building that housed Club 47 is demolished (New Plymouth, New Zealand)
The building also used be the home of the Shelias Arms in 1992.
Links: Fiona Clark
Oct 2006The Human Rights Commission launches an inquiry into discrimination experienced by transgender people (New Zealand)
The inquiry is a world first by a national human rights institution. It results in the publication of To Be Who I Am/Kia noho au ki toku ano ao in January 2008.
Links: Human Rights Commission
1 Oct 1925Peter Stratford (a.k.a. Deresley Morton) marries Elizabeth Rowland (United States of America)
Links: Papers Past
1 Oct 1929Leonard Hollobon is arrested and charged with indecently assaulting a male (Wellington, New Zealand)
Norris Davey (a.k.a Frank Sargeson) is the other party. Both are charged, with Davey later testifying against Hollobon.
Links: Papers Past, Te Ara
1 Oct 1985Television news report: MP Norman Jones complains to the Select Committee considering homosexual law reform (New Zealand)
6.30 news Top Half, ref F87525.
Links: Nga Taonga Sound & Vision, University of Auckland
1 Oct 2013Nathan Verhelst, a Belgium transsexual, dies through euthanasia
Verhelst told media "None of these [gender reassignment] operations worked as desired ... I do not want to be a monster."
Links: Stuff
1 Oct 2013Solicitor General Mike Heron declines a request for a second Coronial Inquiry into the death of Corporal Douglas Hughes. (New Zealand)
Hughes committed suicide in Afghanistan shortly after being questioned about a situation with a subordinate soldier.
Links: Gay NZ
2 Oct 1925Kenneth James Dell is arrested on Queen Street and charged with behaving in a disorderly manner (Auckland, New Zealand)
Dell is seen walking on Queen Street wearing woman's shoes, a hat, veil and neck scarf.
Links: Papers Past
2 Oct 1985Actor Rock Hudson dies from AIDS-related complications (Los Angeles, United States of America)
Links: Wikipedia
2 Oct 1985Television news report: the Select Committee votes to end public hearings on homosexual law reform (New Zealand)
6.30 news Top Half, ref F57735
Links: Nga Taonga Sound & Vision, University of Auckland
2 Oct 1985The Select Committee investigating the Homosexual Law Reform Bill votes to end public hearings (New Zealand)
The Committee ends public hearings despite 85 people still waiting to be heard.
3 Oct 1925Kenneth James Dell is hospitalised on the morning of his court appearance (Auckland, New Zealand)
Links: Papers Past
3 Oct 1985Television news report: Rock Hudson dies from AIDS related illnesses (New Zealand)
Eyewitness news, ref F87598.
Links: Nga Taonga Sound & Vision, University of Auckland
3 Oct 1985Television news report: the National Party insists submissions are re-opened on homosexual law reform and Rock Hudson dies from AIDS related illnesses (New Zealand)
6.30 news Top Half, ref F57738.
Links: Nga Taonga Sound & Vision, University of Auckland
3 Oct 1988Television news report: Department of Health targets heterosexuals with HIV AIDS advertising (New Zealand)
The report notes there could be 5,000 people with HIV in New Zealand. Interviewees include Dr Karen Potasi, Kate Leslie, Daniel Fielding, Dr Kitty Corxan and Dr Steven Gardiner. Eyewitness news, ref F94906.
Links: Nga Taonga Sound and Vision
3 Oct 2011A couple's car is targetted in an ongoing series of hate crimes at Mangawhai Heads
3 Oct 2015Author William Taylor dies (Taumarunui, New Zealand)
Links: GayNZ.com (1), GayNZ.com (2), NZ Society of Authors
4 Oct 1980The first Lesbian Librarians' Week is held (New Zealand)
Events take place in Wellington and Christchurch.
4 Oct 1985Television current affairs: Brain Priestly comments on AIDS in New Zealand (New Zealand)
Fourth Estate, ref F87739.
Links: Nga Taonga Sound & Vision, University of Auckland
4 Oct 1991HIV Alive '91 is held (Auckland, New Zealand)
The two week event includes specialist workshops, seminars, celebrations and fundraisers. It also includes a public unveiling of the New Zealand AIDS Memorial Quilt.
5 Oct 1955Dramatist and performer Paul Jenden is born (Wellington, New Zealand)
Links: Press Reader, GayNZ.com, Stuff
5 Oct 1963Writer James Courage dies (London, United Kingdom)
Links: Te Ara
5 Oct 1991The first unveiling of the New Zealand AIDS Memorial Quilt is held (Auckland, New Zealand)
The first unveiling is held as part of the HIV Alive '99 event. 88 Australian and New Zealand quilt panels are displayed at the Auckland City Art Gallery. In the three months leading up to the event the number of New Zealand quilt panels had grown from 8 to 32. Soon after the gallery showing, the quilt panels were displayed at the Aotea Centre.
Links: New Zealand AIDS Memorial Quilt
5 Oct 2003The Pope states to the Anglican Church his opposition to homosexuality. ((worldwide))
5 Oct 2005Justin Dalley is found not guilty of criminal nuisance. (Wellington, New Zealand)
Dalley used a condom during sex with a woman but didn't tell her of his HIV-positive status. It is the first time in New Zealand that anyone is charged with criminal nuisance following protected sexual intercourse. The case sets a significant legal precedent: that HIV-positive people can choose not to tell sexual partners about the virus, as long as they wear a condom.
Links: NZ Herald
6 Oct 1874Poet Ursula Bethell is born
Links: Te Ara, PrideNZ.com
6 Oct 1893The Criminal Code Act 1893 is enacted (New Zealand)
The Act outlaws any sexual activity between men (even if it's consensual). Penalties include life imprisonment, hard labour and flogging (refer Crimes Against Morality, 136-139).
Links: Early New Zealand Statutes
6 Oct 1920Eugenia Falleni is found guilty of murdering Annie Birkett (Sydney, Australia)
Falleni is condemned to death but the sentence is commuted to detainment at the Governor's Pleasure.
Links: Wikipedia, Papers Past
7 Oct 1952Politician and academic Marilyn Waring is born (New Zealand)
Links: Wikipedia
7 Oct 2006Carmen Rupe's 70th birthday party is held at the Boatshed, Wellington (Wellington, New Zealand)
8 Oct 1968A petition signed by 75 prominent New Zealanders calling for homosexual law reform is presented to parliament (New Zealand)
The petition is presented to parliament by Labour MP A.H. Nordmeyer on behalf of the New Zealand Homosexual Law Reform Society.
8 Oct 1985Television news report: the Homosexual Law Reform Bill begins its second reading in Parliament (New Zealand)
6.30 news Top Half, ref F87738.
Links: Nga Taonga Sound & Vision, University of Auckland
8 Oct 2011Carmen Rupe celebrates her 75th birthday at The Taxi Club (Sydney, Australia)
9 Oct 1955Singer Shona Laing is born (New Zealand)
Laing first came to prominence in 1972 as a 17-year-old schoolgirl, coming runner-up in the television talent show New Faces with her song 1905. Laing's biggest hit songs included (Glad I'm) Not a Kennedy and Soviet Snow.
Links: Wikipedia
9 Oct 1985The second reading of the Homosexual Law Reform Bill begins in Parliament (New Zealand)
The second reading will take four weeks.
Links: PrideNZ.com, LAGANZ
9 Oct 1992The first unveiling of the International AIDS Memorial Quilt takes place (Washington D.C., United States of America)
The quilt was unveiled in Washington D.C., USA. New Zealand is one of 20 countries invited to attend.
Links: New Zealand AIDS Memorial Quilt
10 Oct 1867The Offences Against the Person Act (1867) is enacted (New Zealand)
The Act says that a person convicted of sodomy can be imprisoned for life and anyone convicted of attempted buggery or an indecent assault on a male can serve up to ten years imprisonment (refer Unnatural Offences, 58-60).
Links: Early NZ Statutes, Hansard
10 Oct 1925NZ Truth reports on the court case involving Kenneth James Dell (Auckland, New Zealand)
Dell had been arrested in women's clothing on Queen Street. Dell was hospitalised on the morning of the court appearance.
Links: Papers Past
10 Oct 1936Entrepreneur and activist Carmen Trevor Rupe is born (Taumarunui, New Zealand)
Links: Time Out Sydney
10 Oct 1980200 women take part in a lesbian march (Wellington, New Zealand)
It is followed by a Lesbian Liberation Dance attended by 300 people.
10 Oct 1993The Coming Out Day parade is held (Auckland, New Zealand)
The parade begins at Western Park.
Links: New Zealand AIDS Memorial Quilt, Wikipedia
10 Oct 2006Carmen Rupe visits Parliament on her 70th birthday (Wellington, New Zealand)
32 years earlier Carmen had been brought before Parliament's Privileges committee because she had suggested there were gay and bisexual MPs.
10 Oct 2018Wellington's rainbow crossing is launched (Wellington, New Zealand)
The crossing on lower Cuba Street is New Zealand's second rainbow crossing (the first being in Queenstown).
Links: Stuff.co.nz
11 Oct 1995A coming out party is held to celebrate National Coming Out Day (Wellington, New Zealand)
The party is held at the National Library of New Zealand and organised by the National Library Lesbian and Gay Network, and the Friends of the Lesbian and Gay Archives of New Zealand (LAGANZ). The party starts at 5.30pm.
Links: NZ.com, Wikipedia
11 Oct 2013The Beyond conference takes place (Wellington, New Zealand)
The conference is organised by the Queer Avengers (Wellington) and aims to address the lived experiences of queer/trans people in relation to identity, race, disability, the media, healthcare, parenting, education and imprisonment (among others).
Links: PrideNZ.com
12 Oct 1923Hector Froggatt is sentenced to 8 years imprisonment for indecent assault on boys (Christchurch, New Zealand)
A medical man giving evidence at the trial said Froggatt suffered from "homo-sexual abnormality".
Links: Papers Past
12 Oct 1988The New Zealand Navy announces its gay-friendly policy (New Zealand)
12 Oct 1989Television news report: HIV AIDS in Zurich, Switzerland
Eyewitness news, ref F97614.
Links: Nga Taonga Sound & Vision
12 Oct 1996MP Chris Carter (Te Atatu, Labour Party) is defeated in the first MMP General Election (Auckland region, New Zealand)
Carter was New Zealalnd's first openly gay Member of Parliament. He returned to Parliament in 1999.
Links: Wikipedia
12 Oct 1996Tim Barnett (Christchurch Central, Labour Party) is elected in the first MMP General Election (Christchurch, New Zealand)
Barnett, who is openly gay, would subsequently introduce the Prostitution Reform Bill (2003) and was heavily involved in the passing of the Civil Union Bill (2004).
Links: Wikipedia, Parliament
12 Oct 1998Matthew Shepard is killed in Wyoming (United States of America)
Links: Wikipedia
14 Oct 1888Writer Katherine Mansfield (nee Beauchamp) is born (Wellington, New Zealand)
Links: Te Ara, PrideNZ
14 Oct 1989Artist Rodney Kennedy dies
15 Oct 2005Daniel Fielding dies (Wellington, New Zealand)
Daniel established the New Zealand AIDS Memorial Quilt project in December 1988.
Links: GayNZ.com, Tributes Online
16 Oct 1854Writer Oscar Wilde is born (United Kingdom)
Links: Wikipedia
16 Oct 1985The second reading of the Homosexual Law Reform Bill continues in Parliament (New Zealand)
Links: PrideNZ.com
16 Oct 2002Uzi Even becomes the first openly homosexual man in Israel's parliament.
Links: Wikipedia, Gay NZ
16 Oct 2018Media report that the government has lifted the cap on gender affirming surgeries (New Zealand)
Up until this point, the state had only funded only 3 male-to-female surgeries and 1 female-to-male every two years. From June 2018 the old cap became the new minimum number of surgeries every two years.
Links: Newsroom, Guardian
17 Oct 2002The Jimmy hosts a farewell event for people going to the Gay Games in Sydney. (Wellington, New Zealand)
Links: Gay NZ
17 Oct 2013Geno Sisneros' complaint against the Anglican Church is dismissed by the Human Rights Tribunal. (Auckland, New Zealand)
Sisneros complained that the Bishop of Auckland had prevented him from becoming a priest because of his sexuality.
Links: Gay NZ
19 Oct 2011Willie Ahsee is found guilty of the manslaughter of Denis Phillips
19 Oct 2013The Government announces it will send a diplomat to watch over New Zealanders attending the upcoming Winter Olympics in Sochi, Russia. (New Zealand)
Various Members of Parliament had requested the government help protect rainbow people at the games from discrimination and harassment.
Links: Gay NZ
20 Oct 1976The National Gay Rights Coalition is formed (New Zealand)
The coalition comes out of the fifth National Gay and Lesbian Conference held in Wellington.
20 Oct 2011Around 200 people march on parliament campaigning for gay marriage and adoption. (Wellington, New Zealand)
The march was part of the LegaliseLove campaign.
Links: GayNZ
21 Oct 1985Television news report: testing of all blood products for AIDS antibodies begins (New Zealand)
6.30 news Top Half, ref F88556.
Links: Nga Taonga Sound & Vision, University of Auckland
21 Oct 1985Testing of all donated blood for AIDS antibodies begins (New Zealand)
21 Oct 1988Television news report: Department of Health launches an explicit HIV AIDS campaign (New Zealand)
Includes an interview with Karen Poutasi. Eyewitness news, ref F95076.
Links: Nga Taonga Sound and Vision
21 Oct 1995Georgina Beyer is elected Mayor of Carterton (Carterton, New Zealand)
Beyer becomes the world's first openly transexual mayor.
Links: Wikipedia
21 Oct 1995The Riding the Rainbow conference takes place (Wellington, New Zealand)
The Pink Health conference focuses on lesbian and gay health and is held at the Wellington College of Education. Speakers include Raz Bloomfield and Neville Creighton.
Links: NZ.com
21 Oct 2004MP Georgina Beyer introduces the Human Rights (Gender Identity) Amendment Bill in Parliament (New Zealand)
The Bill offers specific protection from discrimination on the grounds of gender identity. Beyer later withdraws the Bill in August 2006 following an opinion from Crown Law saying that transgender people are already protected under the existing human rights legislation of New Zealand.
Links: Parliament, NZ Herald
22 Oct 1984Churches in New Zealand attempt to block the television series Jesus the Evidence (New Zealand)
The BBC series contains references to homosexuality.
Links: YouTube
22 Oct 1998New Zealand Navy announces a gay-friendly policy (New Zealand)
It includes the issuing of pink triangle stickers to identify "safe places"
22 Oct 2018Kevin Baker, a.k.a. Buffy of Buffy and Bimbo fame, dies (Napier, New Zealand)
Links: Dunstalls
23 Oct 1919The Thames Star reports on a play about Dr. James Miranda Steuart Barry (Thames, New Zealand)
Barry was a military surgeon in the British Army who lived their adult life as a man.
Links: Papers Past, Wikipedia
23 Oct 1985The second reading of the Homosexual Law Reform Bill continues in Parliament (New Zealand)
Links: PrideNZ.com
25 Oct 2004HIV educator and activist Matt Whyte dies (New Zealand)
Links: GayNZ.com
26 Oct 1984Television news report: doctors meet in Wellington to discuss AIDS (New Zealand)
6.30 news Top Half, ref F58561.
Links: Nga Taonga Sound & Vision, University of Auckland
26 Oct 2013Dramatist and performer Paul Jenden dies (Wellington, New Zealand)
Jenden was a lyricist, writer and choreographer of numerous New Zealand productions.
Links: GayNZ.com, Stuff
27 Oct 1916The Ohinemuri Gazette reports on the court appearance of Frederick Wright (a.k.a Kathleen Woodhouse) (London, United Kingdom)
Wright is charged with "being an idle and disorderly person in female attire". Wright tells police that he wished he had been a woman.
Links: Papers Past
28 Oct 1971Television current affairs: a report on transvestites and transsexuals (New Zealand)
Gallery, ref TZP49891. This item has been digitised and an online viewing copy can be requested from the archive.
Links: Nga Taonga Sound & Vision
28 Oct 2017Aunty Danas Op Shop opens (Wellington, New Zealand)
The shop is located in the community centre at 128 Abel Smith Street. The shop raises funds for the national takataapui, transgender, and intersex organisation Gender Minorities Aotearoa.
Links: Aunty Danas
29 Oct 1929Norris Davey is convicted of indecent assault on a male (Wellington, New Zealand)
Soon after Davey begins using the name Frank Sargeson.
Links: Papers Past, Wikipedia
29 Oct 2011Frank Lund (a.k.a. Toni Roget) dies (Wellington, New Zealand)
Frankie was a female impersonator who created elaborate outfits (a number of them now are held by Te Papa)
30 Oct 1985Television news report: French doctors claim an AIDS breakthrough (New Zealand)
Eyewitness news, ref F52551.
Links: Nga Taonga Sound & Vision, University of Auckland
30 Oct 1993A silent auction and cabaret evening is held to fundraise for the New Zealand [AIDS] Quilt Project (Auckland, New Zealand)
Links: New Zealand AIDS Memorial Quilt
30 Oct 2010An article profiling LGBTI people in the NZ Defence Force is published in Your Weekend (Dominion Post) (New Zealand)
Out in Uniform, an article by Beck Eleven, is published in Your Weekend (Fairfax) magazine profiling LGBTI people in the NZ Defence Force including Major Brendan Wood and Lieutenant Commander Kevin Sanderson, Flight Sergeant Annette Walding and Flight Lieutenant Stu Pearce
31 Oct 1929Leonard Hollobon is sentenced to five years reformative detention after pleading guilty to three charges of indecent assault on males (Wellington, New Zealand)
Norris Davey had earlier testified against Hollobon.
Links: Papers Past
31 Oct 1960Darren Horn is born (New Zealand)
Horn was an early convener of the New Zealand AIDS Memorial Quilt.
Links: New Zealand AIDS Memorial Quilt
31 Oct 1988Peter Cuthbert dies (Wellington, New Zealand)
Cuthbert is remembered in the first panel of the New Zealand AIDS Memorial Quilt.
Links: NZ AIDS Memorial Quilt
31 Oct 1994HIV Awarenss month is held (Auckland, New Zealand)
Links: New Zealand AIDS Quilt
31 Oct 2002GayNZ.com reports that the Newtown School Board will now allow the Gay and Lesbian Fair to take place at the school (Wellington, New Zealand)
The school had previously declined a request to hold the annual fair at the school (something which had occurred for the last 17 years).
Links: GayNZ.com