Historical Events in the 1970s

1970The Society for Promotion of Community Standards is formed (New Zealand)
The Society is a conservative Judeo-Christian lobby group who oppose, among other things, the promotion of equal rights for lesbians and gays. The Society was founded by Patricia Bartlett, a former nun.
Links: Wikipedia
7 Apr 1970Composer Benjamin Britten and his partner Peter Pears tour New Zealand (New Zealand)
The visit was part of a tour to generate money for the rebuilding of the concert hall at The Maltings.
Links: Music Web
28 Jul 1970The National Party's annual conference decides to seek liberalisation on the law relating to homosexuality (New Zealand)
The decision was applauded by the Homosexual Law Reform Society - as noted in an Evening Post article on 28 July.
Links: Nga Taonga Sound & Vision
29 Jul 1970Television current affairs: a look at the "problem" of homosexuality (New Zealand)
The South Tonight, ref TZP86813. This item has been digitised and an online viewing copy can be requested from the archive.
Links: Nga Taonga Sound & Vision
1971The KG (Kamp Girls) Club is formed (Auckland, New Zealand)
The KG is a social club for lesbians held in private homes.
1971Up From Under magazine is published by Wellington Women's Liberation Front (Wellington, New Zealand)
25 May 1971The Labour Party annual conference votes favour of homosexual law reform (New Zealand)
The conference voted in favour of homosexual acts between consenting males in private be legalised. The vote was so close that a count had to be taken.
5 Aug 1971The Evening Post reports that the National government will not reform the law relating to homosexuality (New Zealand)
Links: Nga Taonga Sound & Vision
19 Sep 1971Ngahuia Te Awekotuku leads women's liberation in a Suffrage Day of Mourning (New Zealand)
28 Oct 1971Television current affairs: a report on transvestites and transsexuals (New Zealand)
Gallery, ref TZP49891. This item has been digitised and an online viewing copy can be requested from the archive.
Links: Nga Taonga Sound & Vision
1972The group Gay Liberation Front Christchurch is formed (Christchurch, New Zealand)
1972The group Gay Liberation Front Victoria University of Wellington is formed (Wellington, New Zealand)
1972The University Gay Liberation Auckland group is formed (Auckland, New Zealand)
The group diverged from Gay Liberation Auckland.
1972The University of Canterbury Gay Activists Society is formed (Christchurch, New Zealand)
The group is later renamed Gay University Students' Society (GUSS).
Mar 1972Ngahuia Te Awekotuku is refused a United States visa because she is a known "sexual deviant" (New Zealand)
Apr 1972The first National Women's Liberation Conference is held (Wellington, New Zealand)
May 1972The group Gay Liberation Front Auckland is formed (Auckland, New Zealand)
The group is later renamed Gay Liberation Auckland Inc.
Jun 1972The first Gay Pride week is held in New Zealand (New Zealand)
Jul 1972The Broadsheet publication begins (Auckland, New Zealand)
It was New Zealand's first feminist magazine.
29 Aug 1972Television news: (silent) footage of the first National Gay Liberation Conference (Auckland, New Zealand)
Gallery, ref TZP87787. This item has been digitised and an online viewing copy can be requested from the archive.
Links: Nga Taonga Sound & Vision
29 Aug 1972The first National Gay and Lesbian conference is held (Auckland, New Zealand)
The conferences are held every year until 1989 (except 1983).
1973The first United Women's Convention has a workshop for "homosexual" women (New Zealand)
1973The group Sisters for Homophile Equality (SHE) Canterbury Inc. is formed (Christchurch, New Zealand)
S.H.E. was one of the earliest specifically lesbian groups to emerge from Gay Liberation.
1973The group Sisters for Homophile Equality (SHE) Wellington is formed (Wellington, New Zealand)
1973The University of Canterbury Gay Activists' Society is formed (Christchurch, New Zealand)
1973The Victoria University Feminist Group is formed (Wellington, New Zealand)
1973G.L.F. Gay Liberation Front is published (New Zealand)
Mar 1973The Gay-Aid phone counseling service is formed (Wellington, New Zealand)
18 Mar 1973Television current affairs: a look at the life of a transsexual prior to undergoing surgery (New Zealand)
This Day, ref TZP86610. This item has been digitised and an online viewing copy can be requested from the archive.
Links: Nga Taonga Sound & Vision
20 May 1973Writer and poet Charles Brasch dies (New Zealand)
Jun 1973The cover of Broadsheet shows two lesbians (New Zealand)
24 Jun 1973Gay Pride Week activities are held (New Zealand)
Activities are held throughout New Zealand. In Dunedin the week runs from Sunday 24 - Saturday 30 June.
Links: National Library
29 Jun 1973A Gay Liberation march and rally takes place at Dunedin Town Hall (Dunedin, New Zealand)
The rally is part of Gay Pride Week activities.
Links: National Library
5 Jul 1973Television news report: review of Gay Liberation week (Auckland, New Zealand)
On Camera, ref TZP126533. This item has been digitised and an online viewing copy can be requested from the archive.
Links: Nga Taonga Sound & Vision
Nov 1973The group Rotorua Gay Liberation Front is formed (Rotorua, New Zealand)
Dec 1973Circle publication begins (Wellington, New Zealand)
Published by Sisters for Homophile Equality (SHE), it is later renamed Lesbian Feminist Circle.
1974Gay Liberation Front Victoria University of Wellington ends (Wellington, New Zealand)
1974Herstory Press is formed (Wellington, New Zealand)
1974The Women's Centre opens (Christchurch, New Zealand)
The Centre is established by radical feminists, members of SHE and the Socialist Action League.
Mar 1974Gay activists talk to a Lincoln High School liberal studies class (Canterbury region, New Zealand)
Mar 1974Gay Feminist Collective is formed (New Zealand)
Mar 1974Gay Liberation Nelson is formed (Nelson, New Zealand)
Mar 1974The first National Lesbian Conference is held (Auckland, New Zealand)
Mar 1974The Lesbian Club is formed (Wellington, New Zealand)
Apr 1974Circle magazine is marked "strictly not for men" (New Zealand)
It is later changed to "women only".
24 Jun 1974Television current affairs: Gay Pride week (New Zealand)
Features an interview with a gay man (and his father) in Coromandel preparing to march solo in solidarity with other pride marches. Look North, ref TZP2100. This item has been digitised and an online viewing copy can be requested from the archive.
Links: Nga Taonga Sound & Vision
9 Jul 1974Labour Prime Minister Norman Kirk opposes the Crimes Amendment Bill (New Zealand)
Kirk is quoted as saying homosexuality is "unnatural".
Links: Nga Taonga Sound & Vision
9 Jul 1974Television report: the Prime Minister Norman Kirk will not support homosexual law reform (New Zealand)
NZBC news, ref TZP86612. This item has been digitised and an online viewing copy can be requested from the archive.
Links: Nga Taonga Sound & Vision
24 Jul 1974National MP Venn Young introduces the Crimes Amendment Bill 1974 (New Zealand)
The Bill is the first parliamentary attempt at homosexual law reform in New Zealand. The age of consent is set at 21.
Links: Hansard, NZ Legal Information Institute
24 Jul 1974Television news report: the Crimes Amendment Bill 1974 has been introduced to Parliament (New Zealand)
The Bill seeks to legalise homosexual acts between consenting adults in private. The age-of-consent is set at 21. NZBC news, ref TZP86611. This item has been digitised and an online viewing copy can be requested from the archive.
Links: Nga Taonga Sound & Vision
1975Auckland Gay Welfare Group is formed (Auckland, New Zealand)
The group later becomes the Auckland Gay/Lesbian Welfare Group (circa 1984).
1975Club 69 is formed (New Zealand)
The social club was established circa 1975 (exact date unknown).
1975Gay Liberation Front Taranaki (GLT) is formed (Taranaki region, New Zealand)
GLT is later renamed Taranaki Gay Society.
1975Labour MP Gerald Wall moves an amendment to the Crimes Amendment Bill (New Zealand)
The amendment proposes that any communication to people under 20 that homosexuality is normal is punishable by two years imprisonment.
Links: Hansard
1975The Campaign for Homosexual Equality (CHE) is formed (Christchurch, New Zealand)
In 1980 CHE moved its operations to Wellington.
1975The Gay Publishing Collective is formed (Auckland, New Zealand)
The Collective publishes New Zealand Gay News. It later becomes OUT! Magazine in 1976.
Links: NZ.com, LAGANZ
Feb 1975Members of SHE Christchurch help organise the first Women's Refuge conference (Christchurch, New Zealand)
Feb 1975The second National Lesbian Conference is held (New Zealand)
16 Feb 1975Television news report: Father Felix Donnelly speaks out against the Roman Catholic church's submission on homosexual law reform (New Zealand)
TV news, ref TZP32842. This item has been digitised and an online viewing copy can be requested from the archive.
Links: Nga Taonga Sound & Vision
May 1975The Dorian Society Christchurch is formed (Christchurch, New Zealand)
1 May 1975Television current affairs: interview with Carmen Rupe (Wellington, New Zealand)
Rupe talks candidly about prostitution, homosexual law reform and reveals that there are both gay and bisexual Members of Parliament. She would later have to apologise to Parliament's Privileges Committee. Tonight at Nine, ref TZP4412. This item has been digitised and an online viewing copy can be requested from the archive.
Links: Nga Taonga Sound & Vision
2 May 1975A Parliamentary Select Committee reports back on the Crimes Amendment Bill (New Zealand)
The Committee recommends the age of consent be reduced from 21 to 20.
21 May 1975Parliament votes to have the Privileges Committee investigate Carmen Rupe's claim that there are gay and bisexual Members of Parliament (New Zealand)
Links: Hansard
Jun 1975The United Women's Convention is held (Wellington, New Zealand)
An estimated 200 women attended the lesbian feminist workshop.
4 Jul 1975The Crimes Amendment Bill 1974 is defeated 34 votes to 29 (with 23 abstentions) (New Zealand)
Links: PrideNZ.com, Hansard (1), Hansard (2)
Nov 1975Robin Duff stands in the General Election as an openly gay candidate for the Values party (Christchurch, New Zealand)
20 Nov 1975Television current affairs: an interview with Vanessa (New Zealand)
Vanessa talks about sexual reassignment surgeries and current employment hardships. This item has been digitised and an online viewing copy can be requested from the archive.Speakeasy, ref TZP2286.
Links: Nga Taonga Sound & Vision
1976Befriend is formed (Christchurch, New Zealand)
The group was earlier known as Gays-An and was one of the earliest counseling services in Christchurch.
1976Daybreak, New Zealand's first feminist bookshop opens (Dunedin, New Zealand)
1976Eros Northland is formed (Whangarei, New Zealand)
The social group was provisionally named The 'G' Club.
1976Gay Teachers and Students Union is formed (Christchurch, New Zealand)
The Union is later renamed Gays in Education in 1981.
1976Labour MP Gerald O'Brien is charged with molesting two boys (Christchurch, New Zealand)
It was alleged that O'Brien asked them back to his motel room for a drink. The charges were thrown out at a depositions hearing. Later O'Brien commented it was an "attempt by my political enemies to get rid of me."
Links: Wikipedia, Stuff
1976OUT! Magazine begins publication (Auckland, New Zealand)
OUT! was mostly edited by Brett Sheppard and was published by Tony Katavich.
Links: NZ.com, LAGANZ
1976Spiral women's art magazine begins (New Zealand)
Apr 1976Diana Marvel Speaks magazine begins (Wellington, New Zealand)
The magazine is published by a Radical Feminist Caucus including members of the Wellington Feminist Collective.
Jun 1976Activists from Wellington Gay Liberation picket the National Party conference (Rotorua, New Zealand)
Aug 1976National MP Marilyn Waring is outed by the Truth newspaper (New Zealand)
Sep 1976The Back Street Theatre tours the country (New Zealand)
The theatre group is formed by the National Radical Feminist Caucus.
20 Oct 1976The National Gay Rights Coalition is formed (New Zealand)
The coalition comes out of the fifth National Gay and Lesbian Conference held in Wellington.
7 Nov 1976National Prime Minister Robert Muldoon accuses Colin Moyle of having been picked up for homosexual practices (New Zealand)
1 Dec 1976Matthew Shepard is born (Wyoming, United States of America)
Shepard was murdered in October 1998 in Wyoming by Aaron McKinney and Russell Henderson.
Links: Wikipedia
1977Gay Liberation Auckland Inc. ends (Auckland, New Zealand)
1977Gay Pride Week activities are organised (Whanganui, New Zealand)
1977Labour MP Colin Moyle resigns from Parliament (New Zealand)
Moyle resigns after it is made public by Prime Minister Robert Muldoon that he had been questioned by the police on suspicion of homosexual activities.
1977Lesbians demand and get the removal of male reporters from the United Women's Convention (Christchurch, New Zealand)
1977National Gay Rights Coalition Resource Centre opens (Wellington, New Zealand)
The Centre later becomes the Lesbian and Gay Rights Resource Centre.
1977The Alliance group is formed (Otago region, New Zealand)
The group later becomes the Otago Gay Equality Society in May 1978.
1977The Amazons lesbian softball team is formed (Wellington, New Zealand)
1977Wanganui Gay Rights Group is formed (Whanganui, New Zealand)
Jan 1977A lesbian summer camp is held (Canterbury region, New Zealand)
The camp is held at Glentui in North Canterbury.
Jan 1977The Campaign to Oppose Persecution begins (Wellington, New Zealand)
The campaign was in response to scandals involving allegations of homosexuality against Members of Parliament.
Jan 1977The first New Year's camp at Vinegar Hill takes place (Rangitikei region, New Zealand)
Links: Vinegar Hill
8 Jan 1977A meeting is held to set up the National Gay Rights Coalition of New Zealand (New Zealand)
Feb 1977Gay Liberation pickets the Labour Party conference for failing to defend MP Colin Moyle (New Zealand)
Feb 1977The Auckland Gay Social Club is formed (Auckland, New Zealand)
The club later becomes the Laetus Social Club in March 1978.
Feb 1977The social Hawkes Bay Gay Society is formed (Hawke's Bay region, New Zealand)
Mar 1977Christchurch Women's Liberation Collective is formed (Christchurch, New Zealand)
Apr 1977Lesbians Ignite Fire Brigade is formed (Wellington, New Zealand)
May 1977Lesbians picket Parliament for the repeal of abortion laws (Wellington, New Zealand)
May 1977The Lesbian Club ends (Wellington, New Zealand)
Jul 1977Parliament refuses to include sexual orientation in the new Human Rights Commission Act (New Zealand)
Currently there is no protection against discrimination in work and living situations.
1 Jul 1977Gay Pride Week activities are organised throughout the country (New Zealand)
Aug 1977Manawatu Gay Rights Association (MAGRA) is formed (Palmerston North, New Zealand)
The Association is later renamed Manawatu Lesbian and Gay Rights Association (MALGRA). It is New Zealand's longest running LGBTI rainbow rights and social organisation.
Links: NZ.com, LAGANZ
Oct 1977A National Gay Rights Coalition conference is held (New Zealand)
1978Auckland Gay Rights Activists is formed (Auckland, New Zealand)
1978Gay Liberation Front Christchurch ends (Christchurch, New Zealand)
1978Gay Rights of Waikato is formed (Waikato region, New Zealand)
1978The social Victoria Club is formed (Wellington, New Zealand)
1978The Taranaki Gay Society is formed (Taranaki region, New Zealand)
The Society grew out of Gay Liberation Taranaki.
Mar 1978The Laetus Social Club is formed (Auckland, New Zealand)
The Club grew out of the Auckland Gay Social Club.
25 Mar 1978A Gay Rights conference is held at Victoria University (Wellington, New Zealand)
Workshops include gay welfare, coming out, older gays, gays outside the main centres, politics of being gay, gays and other minorities, sexism and sex stereotyping.
Links: Salient
Nov 1978Robin Duff and Sandy Gauntlett stand in the General Election (New Zealand)
They are both openly gay candidates for the Values Party.
27 Nov 1978Harvey Milk is assassinated (San Francisco, United States of America)
Links: Wikipedia
30 Nov 1978Diplomat Alister McIntosh dies
1979Breathing Space, a coming-out group for lesbians is formed (Wellington, New Zealand)
1979Gay Switchboard is formed (Wellington, New Zealand)
1979Help End Repressive Attitudes (HERA) is formed (Dunedin, New Zealand)
HERA is a support group for lesbians.
1979Labour MP Warren Freer introduces a Crimes Amendment Bill to decriminalise homosexual acts (New Zealand)
The Bill has a proposed age of consent of 20.
1979The first Reclaim The Night march is held (Wellington, New Zealand)
1979The Gay Community Centre opens (Wellington, New Zealand)
The Centre is located at 6 Boulcott Street.
Links: LAGANZ
1979The Gay Health Workers Alliance is formed (New Zealand)
1979The Hecate Women's Health Collective opens (Wellington, New Zealand)
The Collective is located at 6 Boulcott Street.
1979The Otago Gay Support Group is formed (Otago region, New Zealand)
1979The Otago University Gay Rights Society is formed (Otago region, New Zealand)
1979The Taranaki Gay Society ends (Taranaki region, New Zealand)
1979The Women's Resource Centre opens (Wellington, New Zealand)
The Centre is located at 6 Boulcott Street.
15 Apr 1979Ascent Wellington is formed for gay and lesbian Catholics (Wellington, New Zealand)
May 1979The Nelson Gay Welfare group is formed (Nelson, New Zealand)
Links: LAGANZ
14 May 1979Pink Triangle magazine begins (New Zealand)
The magazine is produced by the National Gay Rights Coalition and is an important source of news and feature articles. The magazine is distributed nationally, with the first issue published on 14 May 1979. The magazine's last issue is September/October 1990.
Links: Auckland Museum
26 Jun 1979As part of Gay Pride Week a radio interview is broadcast featuring members of the Nelson Gay Welfare Group (Nelson, New Zealand)
The interview is broadcast on 2ZN. A copy of the interview is available at the Lesbian and Gay Archives of New Zealand.
Links: LAGANZ
Aug 1979Ascent Christchurch is formed for gay and lesbian Catholics (Christchurch, New Zealand)
Aug 1979Geyserland Gay Club is formed (Rotorua, New Zealand)
Dec 1979Nelson Gay Society is formed (Nelson, New Zealand)
The Society grew out of the Nelson Gay Welfare Group.
Dec 1979Puss-in-Boots bar is picketed for excluding lesbians and gays (New Zealand)