Criminal cases

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[00:00:00] This program is brought to you by pride in and funded through a generous grant from the Galen Wellington trust with the support of the role foundation. [00:00:10] Hi, I'm Dr. Allison Murray. I was the ginger and Women's Studies Program Director at Victoria University of Wellington here in New Zealand. For many years, I'm a writer, and or historian, Emily's reading gay activist. Today, I'm going to be looking at crime cases as they've involved lesbian and gay people in this country. There's always been a an association of homosexuality and crime. [00:00:37] Male homosexual acts were considered criminal. lesbians were often considered criminal by association. There's been that idea of criminality involved in it. What I'm more interested in here is local cases where Lesbians and Gays have themselves been the victims of crimes. And we're that often hasn't been considered [00:01:03] to be the case by particularly by the media, and sometimes by the courts. A very significant local case was there's a woman who is mere trials, even makki. [00:01:19] He was an important mere he strongly supported the arts. He was a popular man. However, in May 1920, he was arrested for the attempted murder of the poet, Walter D'Arcy crystal who was kind of sexual. It was alleged that makki short crystal for threatening to expose make his famous sexuality. The defense argued that he suffered from homosexual monomania, having made efforts to cure himself and consulted doctors and meter physicians. makki was found guilty and he was sentenced to 15 years imprisonment. This case resulted in widespread anti homosexual feeling and woman Neue and prejudice against the sergeant Art Gallery, which making it helped found and also influenced how his colleagues work was received. [00:02:14] CRISPR was later taken up by the Bloomsbury sit, and when he went to England in the night in 1930, following the publication of his autobiography of poets progress, which didn't actually mention anything about the woman of fear. So that's an interesting aspect of him. It's a question of why he attempted to blackmail makki How come that situation emerged, what it was that he's all he was doing some things that there was evidence of political connections, who had suggested that he do this. Whatever wants to case it really destroyed makki he served his time in prison, didn't leave the country and died overseas. So that's a significant case. Another interesting case is the 1935 Mario case. And that began the connection of lesbianism with murder in New Zealand. Eric Mario was convicted of killing his wife filmer, because of who needs to be in relationship with Frida stock. And Elise penis was depicted as part of a loose loving theatrical world, likely to result in jealousy and murder. Later in her life free to stock said that her sexual relationship with Thelma was the most important relationship of her life. And that it had begun in fact, before till my head buried Eric Mario, that she'd married him because the theater company had collapsed and that they were they continued the relationship often when he was at work. The during the court case, it's the relationship was given as the motive for Eric murdering so he did so by ministering doses of Cedars of to her and she died. The newspapers of the time, reported the case sensationally and the headline the phrase abnormal girl, feedstock later said that when the newspapers were at their worst, she could not go into Queen Street as people would recognize me because of the pictures in the paper, pulling out there she is, and following her, and when she went into a shop, they'd be people are waiting outside for me to come out. The jury found Eric Marissa guilty of murder, and he was sentenced to death. But after civil appeals, his sentence was eventually reduced to life imprisonment. Subsequently, people have tried to exonerate Mario, though I think it's really clear that he was aware of the relationship and that the was a motivation for him to attempt to murder her, which is very sensational case and it certainly drew the attention of people to disconnection with lesbianism and murder. This theme re emerges 20 years later in 1954, when Julia to age 15, and pulling paga, age 60 children nor Parker, Pauline's mother and Victoria Park, Christchurch. This was sensationalized. Because of the ages of the girls. They were described by some of the media as the world's worst murderous, which is extraordinary in a time when we've seen mass murder and things of that kind. And they were depicted by as lesbians by both the prosecution and the defense for the prosecution, calling them dirty minded girls, and the defense saying that they suffered from falling out [00:05:54] because laziness was a pathological condition, symptomatic of communicated sanity. So that was another case where the connection of [00:06:07] these peanuts men murder those two girls were sentenced to five years imprisonment. They were present actually a tremendous pleasure but were released after five years in 1959, and have subsequently lived quite blameless lives. [00:06:23] There were other mentions in the newspaper. There's an interesting report in 1955, and the year after this case with a New Zealand pictorial report, gangs of homosexuals in Oakland, living together for the sake of perversion, you can see these warped brain men and women to wandering about the streets are sitting idly and night cafes. Oakland has too many often, homosexuals have a strict code of ethics all of their own, they fight among themselves like Kilkenny cats. For this reason, a group of homosexuals is always controlled by the queen bee whose word is absolutely fine. Other than the six among others, who dresses women answers who adopt a normal male role and butchers who stand in either way. homosexuals NBC chose lesbians and the like a largely only a degrading minutes, however undesirable to themselves. So clearly this kind of depiction is one of criminality, people of whom you could expect anything of them. Now, other cases, an earlier case in 1944, and 19 year old Zealand soldier was acquitted of the murder of a 25 year old American soldier because he claimed that the American had made homosexual advances to the inner 1960 Roy Jackson, a waiter at the coffee bar in Oakland, which was a meeting place for both camp men and women. These beings in gaming. He was killed when he fell from the deck of the finger Oh, which was Dr. Napier. After being assaulted by two Seaman who were acquitted of manslaughter. Roy Jackson had her tracks down to Napier to see his lover who was working on the ship. And as he was trying to get onto the ship, he was thrown by the truth semen onto the dock and killed. The judge coming into it was stretching things up but to say that it was unlawful for the accused to remove Jackson from the ship, as after all it was their home, [00:08:26] the Auckland camp community to have a collection for his burial. That was an important case in 1960. But the acquittal seem to signal that killing homosexuals might not result in a conviction. These cases foreshadowed the 1964 Hughley pack case, with six years age between 15 and 17 years were acquitted on a charge of manslaughter. The prosecution alleging they'd gone to Heglig Park and Christchurch with the purpose of finding a queer and bashing him. The homosexual victim Charles A the heart from Platinum died from his injuries. The youths met claiming he beta homosexual approach to them and horrified by the said accidentally bit beaten him to this. These cases demonstrated the possible consequences of any form of homosexuality, and the verdicts were consistent with the 1967 acquittal of doing Davis for the murder of Raymond Pitney. [00:09:20] And this is a very famous case in November 1966 nursing sister rain Raven joy piddly aged 40 of the world New Zealand nursing Corps was found dead on her bed with a deep wound in her neck at the world New Zealand de force base for Noah pi. Another critically ill nurse was in Oakland hospital being treated for an overdose of drugs. This was sister join Ellen Davis age duty was trying to pit Lee's murder in Oakland and march 1967. The prosecution allege that Davis had kept piglets throat with a scalpel and Lyft the room via the window and drive back to her corners, where she took an overdose of blood bachelorettes emerge for the murder being conflict in the lesbian relationship. Davis was defended by Kevin Ryan, the defense lawyer, and denied all charges, insisting that Peter had cut her own throat. [00:10:14] There are some suggestions that the military may have tidy the women's rooms before calling the police and arranging Davis's defense as she was going to be charged in a civilian court, and that they may have hoped for a vote of the act of suicide as it would be less damaging than murder. Peter he served with the world New Zealand news and call from 1954. Moving to the center by Air Force Base in February 64. Davis joined a news important 62 and MIT piddly in 66 at the hops indoor base with their relationship developed, and other news testifying that because Davis visited piddly at night, she felt disgusted and reported them. Consequently, Davis was supposed to be transferred to week one. [00:10:59] The process you should produce to unsigned leaders alleging that Davis wrote typically, I do love that smile, darling more and more each time we meet and meet and please don't ever deceive darling you mean too much to me and I tell you. The defense argued that Davis was defeated by a woman outwardly kind and sympathetic, but inwardly a hunting lesbian. Davis the support that PT was generous and kind at first, however, she said that before I knew it, Raven was in bed with me. I got a fright. At first she looked different. She said she wanted me. She tried to kiss me and she looked like a man not a woman I finally gave in to Raven. And on the night at least Dr. Davis claimed piddly tried to prevent me from leaving the room. Look I'd seen on ravens face was more domineering than I'd ever seen before. I told her just to leave me alone and I went to the door. Sister Pitney was looking at me directly, she was sitting up in bed. The next thing I saw was this knife. I saw a lot of blood and that cat on here, Nick. So the defense lawyer Ryan argued that even if Davis had killed piggly, she did so in a state of automatism bought one by the shop of piggies, lesbian advances and PT was described as a congenital or a central lesbian, a smiling depressive, and a hunting lesbian and Davis was portrayed as an innocent seduced by piddly and she was found not guilty of that crime. [00:12:28] This program was funded through a generous grant from the gay line Willington trust with the support of the rule foundation and brought to you by pride in

This page features computer generated text of the source audio. It is not a transcript, it has not been checked by humans and will contain many errors. However it is useful for searching on keywords and themes.